Dry cargo | The difference and precautions between
Passenger aircraft: As the name suggests, it is an aircraft that is completely used to carry passengers, which is the flight we usually take.
Sometimes passenger planes also have aircraft cargo warehouses, but due to space constraints, the cargo warehouses are only about 150 cubic meters, but they are mainly used to check luggage and transport small goods.
Freighter: A transport aircraft used to carry goods. Freighter usually refers exclusively to civil cargo aircraft used for commercial flights.
1. It was already a cargo plane when it was manufactured.
2. A cargo plane modified from a passenger plane. Remove the seats and the service facilities on the aircraft, such as the kitchen, and install the slide rails and other necessary facilities for the cargo compartment to become a cargo aircraft.
At present, there are very few civil aircrafts specially designed for freight transportation. Most freighters are converted from retired passenger aircraft, such as many freighters operated by large freight companies such as FedEx, UPS, and DHL Cargo.
3. Passenger and cargo aircraft. The first half is for passengers and the second half is the cargo hold.
What is the difference between air cargo and passenger plane and cargo plane?
Passenger aircraft can take small goods
Cargo machine can receive large cargo
There are few passenger cabins, small cargo and bulk cargo can be considered passenger planes
Goods with larger pallets are recommended to take the cargo machine
The design of the hatch is very different
passenger planes have more boarding hatches and escape hatches,
cargo planes are equipped with fewer boarding doors. Instead, larger cargo doors are distributed in the front and rear cargo bays, as well as in the lower cargo bay. These doors are above 2 meters in height and 3 meters in width for loading cargo.
Passenger aircraft cargo transportation method, the checked luggage is transported from the terminal to the apron with a luggage trailer, and then the luggage is transported on the plane by the luggage conveyor car
The luggage trailer transports the luggage that has passed the security check to the aircraft apron work area
The ground crew transports the luggage into the cargo warehouse of the aircraft through the conveyor belt and fixes it
The entire cabin of the cargo plane is used to store cargo, so it is different from the passenger plane in terms of loading
The cargo loading of cargo aircraft mainly uses lift platform trucks. After the cargo is transported to the height of the door, the rollers on the platform transport the cargo into the aircraft cabin.
The passenger plane has a small cargo capacity and mainly luggage
Freighter has a larger load capacity.
1. What is the belly compartment of a passenger plane? What is a cargo plane?
Maybe many people don’t know, how exactly does air freight work? Just as cars and trains have passenger cars, trucks, or freight trains, airplanes have passenger and freight planes. Passenger cars have luggage compartments that can transport a certain amount of luggage or goods, and passenger planes are the same-the belly compartment of passenger planes can transport a certain amount of mail items or goods. The difference is that the belly compartment of passenger aircraft is generally larger and can transport more luggage or cargo, because the aircraft is basically cylindrical, with seats installed in the upper half for carrying passengers, and most of the space in the lower half can be loaded. goods.
1) Passenger plane is the plane flight we usually take. This is easier to understand. What many people don't know is that there may be a lot of cargo under your seat. Because passenger aircraft cargo compartments are relatively limited compared to cargo aircraft, they mainly carry luggage items and small or small batches of cargo. If the batch is relatively large, and it is still transported in the belly compartment of a passenger plane, it must be transported in batches-the same batch of goods is split and loaded on multiple flights.
The cargo hold volume of passenger aircraft varies greatly from tens of cubic meters to 200 cubic meters. For example, the cargo hold volume of Boeing 787 is 137-175m3, the cargo hold volume of Boeing 777 is 150-200m3, the cargo hold volume of Boeing 747 is 170m3, and the cargo hold volume of Boeing 737 is 18-52m3.
2) Cargo planes are planes specially used to transport goods, and most people have no access to cargo planes. There are three main sources of cargo planes: (1) It is already a cargo plane at the time of manufacturing and leaving the factory; (2) A cargo plane modified from a passenger plane-removing seats and service facilities on the plane such as kitchens and toilets, installing slide rails, and fixing Equipment and other necessary facilities for cargo hold, converted into cargo aircraft. Many cargo planes are modified from civil aviation passenger planes, such as many all-cargo planes of the four major express delivery giants UPS, FedEx, DHL, and TNT; (3) Passenger-cargo planes-the first half is for passengers and the second half is the cargo compartment. Among them, the first two categories are all-cargo aircraft.
2. What is the difference between passenger plane and cargo plane in air cargo transportation?
1) Passenger planes generally carry luggage items, parcel items and small quantities of goods (bulk goods). Passenger planes cannot receive large quantities of goods, especially large goods (extra-long, ultra-high, and overweight). The cargo aircraft can receive large cargo (including large quantities of good and large cargo). Passenger planes have higher requirements for safety. Many dangerous goods can only be transported by cargo planes, not passenger planes.
2) Passenger planes have relatively few spaces, especially single-aisle narrow-body planes. The doors of narrow-body planes are extremely narrow, and slightly larger cargo or pallet cargo cannot be loaded. Passenger planes can be considered for small cargo. However, the cargo space is relatively large, and can easily carry two to three hundred cubic meters or more.
3) The design of passenger aircraft and cargo aircraft doors is very different. Passenger aircraft have more boarding doors and escape doors. Cargo planes are equipped with fewer boarding doors and larger cargo doors, which are generally distributed in the front and rear cargo compartments and the lower cargo compartment. The height of these doors is generally more than 2 meters and the width is more than 3 meters, which can load large cargo. .
4) Passenger planes and cargo planes have different loading methods: passenger planes generally use luggage trailers to transport checked luggage or items from the terminal or supervision warehouse to the apron, and then the luggage or items are transported on the plane by the luggage conveyor. The cargo loading of cargo aircraft mainly uses lift platform trucks. After the cargo is transported to the height of the door, the rollers on the platform transport the cargo into the aircraft cabin. Of course, it is not absolute. Many passenger planes are also loaded with loading platform trucks.