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How to calculate international ocean freight-International

by:VIPUTRANS     2020-05-21
The composition of sea freight is generally 'basic freight + surcharge', of which the surcharge is more complicated, like Japan has CAF, YAS, EBS, Europe has BAF, CAF, safety surcharge, Suez Canal fee, low sulfur surcharge Fees, etc., the United States has DDC, etc., so the surcharges for different routes are different. One. Liner freight (1) Related nouns 1. Basic rate (BASIC RATE) refers to the basic freight charged for each unit of charge (such as a freight ton). The basic rate includes grade rate, type rate, ad valorem rate, special rate and uniform rate. Liner freight is composed of basic freight and surcharge. 2. Surcharge (SURCHARGES): In order to maintain the stability of the basic rate for a certain period of time, and can accurately reflect the shipping cost of various goods in various ports, liner companies in addition to the basic rate, also stipulate various fees . (2) Freight calculation standard Usually according to the weight of the goods; according to the size or volume of the goods; according to the weight or size of the goods, choose the one that charges the higher freight to calculate the freight; charge a certain percentage as the fee based on the FOB price of the goods, called ad valorem freight; Calculated and collected; the freight is collected by the ship and cargo temporarily negotiated price, called bargaining. (3) Freight calculation steps 1. Select the relevant freight rate book 2. According to the name of the goods, the freight calculation standard (BASIS) and class (CLASS) are found in the goods classification table 3. In the basic rate section of the grade rate table, find the corresponding route, departure port, destination port, and find the basic freight rate by grade. 4. From the surcharge section, find out all the receivable (payable) surcharge items and the amount (or percentage) and currency type; 5. Calculate the actual freight rate based on the basic freight rate and surcharge; 6. Freight = freight rate x freight ton 2. Calculation of freight for chartering 1. The composition of sea freight is generally 'basic freight + surcharge', of which the surcharge is more complicated, like Japan has CAF, YAS, EBS, Europe has BAF, CAF, safety surcharge, Suez Canal fee, low Sulfur surcharges, etc., the United States has DDC, etc., so the surcharges for different routes are different. 2. The commission of shipping companies to freight forwarders is different for different shipping companies, generally divided into two types: A. The proportional commission is the percentage of the basic sea freight. Different shipping companies have different ranges, with more 5% and 4%. The more common one is 2.5% (most shipping companies), the lowest 0 (as Evergreen) B. Fixed commission, that is, no matter how much the ocean freight is, how many dollars will be returned to the freight forwarder according to the small container, and how many dollars will be returned to the forwarder. The fixed commission for different routes of the same shipping company is different. The commission for the counter is $ 10, and the commission for the large cabinet is $ 20; the fixed commission for Europe and other ocean routes is $ 20 for the small cabinet and $ 40 for the large cabinet.
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