Customized logistics solutions, your logistics expert in China

Tel:+8613424475220      Email:info@viputrans.com      

Home  > NEWS  > Blog  >  Payment Issues between China and Russia

Payment Issues between China and Russia


Overcoming Payment Issues between China UnionPay and Russia: A Comprehensive Guide


As more and more individuals and businesses engage in cross-border transactions between China UnionPay and Russia, issues related to payments can sometimes arise, causing inconvenience and disruptions. Understanding the nuances of payment processing between these two entities is crucial for ensuring smooth financial transactions.

China UnionPay, a leading payment network in China, has expanded its reach to Russia, offering a convenient payment solution for Chinese tourists, students, and businesses operating in Russia. However, despite the convenience it offers, there are instances where payments may encounter challenges, leading to frustration and delays.

Common payment problems between China UnionPay and Russia often stem from technical issues, currency conversion discrepancies, or communication breakdowns between banks and financial institutions. These issues can result in declined transactions, payment processing delays, or unexpected fees, impacting the overall transaction experience.

  • Understanding the challenges of payments between China UnionPay and Russia

    The challenges of payments between China UnionPay and Russia mainly stem from differences in banking systems, currency exchange rates, and transaction regulations. China UnionPay is the dominant payment network in China, while Russia has its own established banking and payment systems. Cross-border transactions between the two countries may face delays and additional fees due to currency conversion and international banking regulations. It's important to work with financial institutions and payment service providers that have experience in facilitating transactions between China UnionPay and Russia to navigate these challenges effectively.

  • Importance of addressing payment issues promptly

    It is important to address payment issues promptly for several reasons. First, it helps to maintain a positive and professional relationship with your clients or customers. Timely resolution of payment issues demonstrates that you value and respect their business. Second, addressing payment issues promptly can prevent the problem from escalating and potentially damaging your reputation. It shows that you are proactive and responsible in handling financial matters, which can build trust and confidence in your business. Additionally, addressing payment issues promptly can help improve your cash flow and overall financial stability. Delayed payments can create unnecessary financial strain and impact your ability to meet your own financial obligations. Overall, addressing payment issues promptly is essential for maintaining strong customer relationships, protecting your reputation, and ensuring the financial health of your business.

Starting on February 24, 2022, the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security has put in place strict export controls to limit Russia's access to crucial technologies and other items needed for its ongoing attack on Ukraine. These restrictions also apply to Belarus due to its significant support of Russia's destabilizing actions. The controls cover a wide range of items, with a focus on 50 high-priority items identified by six-digit Harmonized System Codes that are particularly important for Russia's weapons programs. BIS is working with the European Union, Japan, and the United Kingdom to develop and publicize this Common High Priority List to alert industry of the heightened risk of these items being illegally diverted to Russia. This list may be updated as new information becomes available.  

Common High Priority Items List

The CHPL is divided into four tiers.

  • Tier 1: Items of the highest concern due to their critical role in the production of advanced Russian precision-guided weapons systems, Russia’s lack of domestic production, and limited global manufacturers.

  • Tier 2: Additional electronics items for which Russia may have some domestic production capability but a preference to source from the United States and its partners and allies.

  • Tier 3.A: Further electronic components used in Russian weapons systems, with a broader range of suppliers.

  • Tier 3.B: Mechanical and other components utilized in Russian weapons systems.

  • Tier 4.A: Manufacturing, production and quality testing equipment for electric components, circuit boards and modules.

  • Tier 4.B: Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machine tools and components.

BIS has prioritized nine HS codes in Tier 1 and Tier 2 within the CHPL, covering items such as integrated circuits and radio frequency (RF) transceiver modules. These items have extensive commercial applications but have also been found in Russian missiles and drones on the battlefield in Ukraine. Together, items in Tiers 1 and 2 are subject to the most comprehensive controls under the Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR Parts 730 – 774) (EAR), including controls on foreign produced items described in § 734.9 of the EAR. Previous notices issued by the U.S. government have also described items in Tiers 1 and 2.  

The items in these 50 HS codes include both lower technology items designated EAR99, as well as more sensitive items on the Commerce Control List (supp. no. 1 to part 774 of the EAR ) (CCL), including items designated under Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs), 2A001, 2A101, 2A991, 2B001, 2B002, 2B003, 2B201, 2B991, 2B992, 2B993, 2B998, 3A001, 3A002, 3A090, 3A991, 3A992, 3B001, 3B991, 3B992, 5A001, 5A991, 6A002, 6A003, 6A993, 7A003, 7A994, and 9A991.



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Electronic integrated circuits: Processors and controllers, whether or not combined with memories, convertors, logic circuits, amplifiers, clock and timing circuits, or other circuits


Electronic integrated circuits: Memories


Electronic integrated circuits: Amplifiers


Electronic integrated circuits



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Machines for the reception, conversion and transmission or regeneration of voice, images, or other data, including switching and routing apparatus


Radar apparatus, radio navigational aid apparatus and radio remote control apparatus: Radio navigational aid apparatus


Other fixed capacitors: Tantalum capacitors


Other fixed capacitors: Ceramic dielectric, multilayer


Electrical parts of machinery or apparatus, not specified or included elsewhere in chapter 85



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Processing units other than those of subheading 8471.41 or 8471.49, whether or not containing in the same housing one or two of the following types of unit: storage units, input units, output units


Electrical transformers, static convertors (for example, rectifiers) and inductors; part thereof: Static convertors


Other apparatus for the transmission or reception of voice, images or other data, including apparatus for communication in a wired or wireless network


Television cameras, digital cameras and video camera recorders


Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of headings 8524 to 8528; Antennas and antenna reflectors of all kinds; parts suitable for use therewith


Parts suitable for use solely or principally with the apparatus of headings 8524 to 8528: Other


Coaxial connectors; cylindrical multicontact connectors; rack and panel connectors; printed circuit connectors; ribbon or flat cable connectors; other


Electrical apparatus for switching or protecting electrical circuit, or for making connections to or in electrical circuits: Other apparatus


Diodes, other than photosensitive or light-emitting diodes (LED)


Transistors, other than photosensitive, with a dissipation rate of less than 1W


Transistors, other than photosensitive not elsewhere specified


Thyristors, diacs and triacs, excluding photosensitive semiconductor devices


Photosensitive semiconductor devices, excluding photovoltaic generators and cells


Semiconductor-based transducers


Semiconductor devices not elsewhere specified


Mounted piezo-electric crystals



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Ball bearings


Tapered roller bearings, including cone and tapered roller assemblies


Spherical roller bearings


Other cylindrical roller bearings, including cage and roller assemblies


Other parts of airplanes, helicopters or unmanned aircraft


Telescopic sights for fitting to arms; periscopes; telescopes designed to form parts of machines, appliances, instruments or apparatus of this chapter or Section XVI


Other optical devices, appliances and instruments not elsewhere specified


Instruments and appliances for aeronautical or space navigation (other than compasses)


Other navigational instruments and appliances



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Units for automatic data-processing machines excluding processing units, input or output units and storage units


Machines and apparatus for the manufacture of boules or wafers


Machines and apparatus for the manufacture of semiconductor devices or of electronic integrated circuits


Machines and apparatus for the manufacture or repair of masks and reticles; for assembling semiconductors devices; for lifting, handling, loading or unloading of semi-conductor devices


Printed circuits


Signal generators


Other instruments and apparatus using optical radiations (ultraviolet, visible, infrared)


Oscilloscopes and oscillographs


Multimeters with recording device


Instruments and apparatus for measuring or checking voltage, current, resistance or electrical power, with recording device


Oscilloscopes, spectrum analyzers and other instruments and apparatus for measuring or checking electrical quantities, for measuring or checking semiconductor wafers or devices



HS Code

HS Description and Representative Part


Machining centers for working metal


Horizontal lathes for removing metal, numerically controlled


Lathes, excluding horizontal, for removing metal, numerically controlled


Milling machines, not knee type, for removing metal, numerically controlled


Parts and accessories for machine tools, for laser operation, metalworking machining centers, lathes and drilling machines, etc., not specified or included elsewhere


Russia's efforts to obtain high priority items have the potential to cause significant legal issues for individuals and entities in the United States and globally. This includes unintentional violations of U.S. export controls and sanctions laws, which could result in civil or criminal liability. Foreign parties involved in activities that go against U.S. foreign policy and national security interests may also be added to certain restricted lists. Russia often uses evasive or deceptive tactics, such as third-party intermediaries, to conceal the true identities of parties involved in transactions and bypass restrictions. It's important for exporters, reexporters, and their service providers to be aware of these risks and take appropriate measures to address them.  

Relation to Other Guidance Published by BIS and other U.S. Government Departments and Agencies

The list adds to previous guidance provided by BIS and other U.S. Government departments and agencies on items requested by Russia, Belarus, and Iran. This guidance has been customized for exporters, reexporters, and financial institutions.  

  •   FinCEN & BIS Joint Notice: FinCEN and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security Announce New Reporting Key Term and Highlight Red Flags Relating to Global Evasion of U.S. Export Controls (November 6, 2023)

  •   Alert: FinCEN and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security Urge Increased Vigilance for Potential Russian and Belarusian Export Control Evasion Attempts (June 28, 2022).

  •   BIS frequently asked questions  for exporters on the commodities and red flags identified in the June 28, 2022 FinCEN alert (August 16, 2022).

  •   Department of Commerce, Department of the Treasury, and Department of Justice Tri-Seal Compliance Note: Cracking Down on Third-Party Intermediaries Used to Evade Russia-Related Sanctions and Export Controls (March 2, 2023).

  •   Supplemental Alert: FinCEN and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security Urge Continued Vigilance for Potential Russian Export Control Evasion Attempts on the highest priority nine HS codes (May 19, 2023).

  •   BIS guidance  on these same nine highest-priority HS codes for exporters and reexporters, including manufacturers, distributors, resellers, and freight forwarders (May 19, 2023).

  •   Department of Commerce, Department of Justice, Department of State, and Department of the Treasury guidance on items sought by Iran for the production of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), including to enable Russia’s brutal war against Ukraine (June 9, 2023).

The guidance listed above provides information on evasion trends and fact patterns and identifies transactional and behavioral red flags to assist financial institutions and exporters in identifying suspicious transactions relating to possible export control evasion or violations.

China UnionPay in Russia

  • Overview of China UnionPay's presence and operations in Russia

    China UnionPay has a significant presence and operations in Russia. The company has established partnerships with many Russian banks and financial institutions, allowing for wide acceptance of UnionPay cards across the country. This means that UnionPay cardholders can make purchases and transactions at a large number of merchants and ATMs in Russia. Additionally, UnionPay has been actively working to expand its presence in Russia through various initiatives and collaborations, further enhancing the convenience and accessibility of its services for both local residents and international visitors.

  • Benefits of using China UnionPay for transactions in Russia

    Using China UnionPay for transactions in Russia offers several benefits. First, China UnionPay is widely accepted in Russia, making it convenient for travelers and businesses to make payments. Second, using China UnionPay can help avoid foreign transaction fees that may be charged by other payment methods. Additionally, China UnionPay offers competitive exchange rates, which can save money for those making transactions in Russia. Finally, China UnionPay provides secure and reliable payment processing, giving peace of mind to users. Overall, using China UnionPay for transactions in Russia can provide a seamless and cost-effective payment experience.

Common Payment Problems

  • Identification of common payment issues encountered between China UnionPay and Russia

    Common payment issues encountered between China UnionPay and Russia include currency conversion problems, transaction delays, and issues with acceptance at certain merchants and ATMs. Additionally, there may be challenges related to security and fraud prevention, as well as discrepancies in regulations and banking practices between the two countries. It is important for individuals and businesses to be aware of these potential issues and to take necessary precautions when conducting transactions between China UnionPay and Russia.

  • Factors contributing to payment disruptions and delays

    Several factors can contribute to payment disruptions and delays. Some common reasons include errors in billing and invoicing, inadequate payment processing systems, insufficient funds, and changes in payment terms or methods. Additionally, external factors such as economic downturns, industry-wide issues, and regulatory changes can also impact payment timelines. It's important for businesses to proactively address these factors to minimize disruptions and delays in their payment processes.

Strategies for Resolving Payment Problems

  • Communication with banks and payment processors

    Communication with banks and payment processors is essential for managing financial transactions and ensuring smooth operations. It is important to establish clear lines of communication with these institutions to address any issues or concerns that may arise. This can involve regular updates on account activity, resolving payment discrepancies, or implementing new payment methods. Open and effective communication can help streamline processes and minimize potential disruptions to your business operations.

  • Seeking assistance from China UnionPay and Russian financial institutions

    Communication with banks and payment processors is essential for managing financial transactions and ensuring the security of sensitive information. It is important to maintain open and clear lines of communication with these entities to address any issues that may arise, such as fraudulent activity or transaction discrepancies. Additionally, staying informed about updates and changes in regulations or technology within the banking and payment processing industry can help ensure smooth and efficient financial operations. Overall, effective communication with banks and payment processors is crucial for maintaining the trust and integrity of financial transactions.

  • Exploring alternative payment methods and solutions

    Exploring alternative payment methods and solutions can be a great way to improve customer satisfaction and streamline your business operations. From mobile payments to digital wallets, there are many options available to cater to the needs of your customers. It's important to research and consider the best options for your specific business and customer base to ensure a smooth and efficient payment process. By staying up to date with the latest payment trends, you can stay ahead of the competition and provide a convenient and secure payment experience for your customers.

VTB Bank primarily caters to state-owned enterprises and government-owned organizations, while its involvement with private enterprises is usually limited. The processing time for their services can even stretch up to 3 to 4 months. VTB Bank operates on a self-settlement system with Russian capital, and this system has the potential to become the most stable and reliable channel for future payment collections in Russia.

Information required to open an account:

1.Hong Kong Company

①.CI, BR, NNC1, NAR1, charter, (if there are any changes to the document);

②. Scanned copies of passports of directors and shareholders + scanned copies of ID cards;

③. If you have opened an NRA account before, please provide the special organization code certificate;

④. The company’s latest audit report or financial statements [if the company is more than one year old]

⑤ Provide the ID of a financial person other than directors and shareholders, as well as phone number and email address


2. Mainland companies

① Business license Original business license

② Duplicate of business license copy of business license

③ Company (organization) articles of association (including all amendments to the articles of association) or other corresponding structural documents

④ Joint venture contract signed by all parties to the joint venture (limited to joint ventures)

⑤ Foreign-invested enterprise approval certificate (limited to applicable foreign-invested enterprises) (if any)

⑥ Foreign trade operator registration form

⑦ General manager (or chairman)/finance person in charge (and the Chinese translation of the general manager’s ID card)/passports or ID cards of all authorized signatories/more than 2 telephone contacts

⑧ Passport or ID card of the beneficial beneficiary (individual) who accounts for more than 25% of the company’s capital

⑨ Disclose the equity structure diagram of the ultimate beneficiary (if the existing information is not clear enough)

⑩ VAT invoice information

⑪ Signature card


3. Tariffs

① Account opening fee (only applicable to new customers):

-Domestic enterprises: 2,000 yuan

-Non-domestic enterprises: USD 300

② Account service fee:

-Domestic enterprises: 650 yuan per month (with online banking) / 1,200 yuan per month (without online banking)

-Non-domestic enterprises: USD 90 per month (with online banking) / USD 150 per month (without online banking)

③ Online banking Ukey cost:

-Domestic enterprises: 100 yuan/unit

-Non-domestic enterprises: USD 15/piece

④ Collection and payment fees

Cross-border payment: 0.17%, minimum: 25USD, maximum: 3000USD

Domestic inter-bank transfer: up to 200 caps

Domestic collection: no handling fee

Alternative Methods for Cross-Border Remittances and Receipts

From large state-owned banks like Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), Bank of China, and China Construction Bank, to joint-stock commercial banks like China Merchants Bank, Shanghai Bank, and Ningbo Bank, as well as regional and national commercial banks like Taiyuan Bank, CITIC Bank, Bank of Communications, Guangfa Bank, Ping An Bank, and Pudong Development Bank, previously, these banks were able to receive remittances from Russia without any issues. However, the next day, some customers suddenly received notices stating that they could no longer receive payments.

It is reported that banks have an internal list of restrictions imposed by US sanctions. As long as the products are not included in this list and there have been successful transaction records in the past, they can generally continue to receive remittances from Russia (please refer to the reference list of restricted products at the end of the article).

However, there have been reports that Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), China Construction Bank, China Merchants Bank, and Bank of China, the four major banks, were able to receive Russian remittances into their corporate RMB accounts in the past. However, some Russian buyers have recently encountered issues with their remittance operations due to their own involvement in sanctions, which is a common problem at present. Therefore, when dealing with remittance transactions related to Russia, it is necessary for both companies and individuals to pay extra attention to the associated risks and ensure compliance in order to facilitate smooth transactions.

Bank of China was the first to introduce compliance requirements, explicitly stating that only products not within the scope of sanctions can receive payments.

Kunlun Bank: There are reports that it is possible to open a virtual account for receiving payments, but the prerequisite is that the products involved are not subject to restrictions.

China Construction Bank: Only with the provision of customs declaration forms can payment operations be conducted; prepayments are currently unable to be received.

Chouzhou Bank: Russian business operations were suspended in February.


Freight Forwarder Payment Proxy Services

Freight forwarder payment services can also be a viable option for exporters dealing with payment restrictions. By utilizing the services of a freight forwarder, exporters can bypass some of the limitations imposed by banks and ensure the smooth collection of payments. (It is important to note that it is advisable to engage with trusted and established freight forwarders. Conducting transactions with unfamiliar entities can carry potential risks. The freight forwarding industry has witnessed cases of fraud involving substantial amounts of money. Therefore, when dealing with large orders, it is crucial to maintain vigilance and exercise caution to avoid unnecessary losses. Remember to stay alert!)

Case Studies and Success Stories

  • Real-life examples of businesses or individuals successfully resolving payment issues between China UnionPay and Russia

    One real-life example of a business successfully resolving payment issues between China UnionPay and Russia is the partnership between the Russian payment processor, Sberbank, and China UnionPay. This collaboration has enabled Chinese tourists in Russia to use their UnionPay cards for transactions, providing a seamless payment experience for both parties. Another example is the cooperation between the Russian payment service provider, Qiwi, and China UnionPay. Through this partnership, Qiwi has expanded its network to accept UnionPay cards, allowing Chinese travelers in Russia to make payments at various merchants and ATMs. Individuals and businesses in Russia have also successfully resolved payment issues by using cross-border payment platforms such as PayEase, which facilitates secure and convenient transactions between UnionPay and Russian banks.

  • Lessons learned and best practices for overcoming payment challenges

    When facing payment challenges, there are several lessons learned and best practices that can help overcome these obstacles. Firstly, it's important to communicate openly and transparently with customers about payment terms and expectations. This can help prevent misunderstandings and delays in payment. Additionally, implementing efficient invoicing and billing processes can help streamline the payment process and ensure timely payments. This may include using electronic invoicing systems and offering convenient payment options for customers. It's also important to have a clear and consistent credit policy in place to minimize the risk of late or non-payment. This may involve conducting credit checks on new customers and setting clear credit limits. Finally, establishing strong relationships with customers and maintaining open lines of communication can help address payment challenges proactively.

Tips for Smooth Transactions

  • Guidance on preventing payment issues in future transactions

    To prevent payment issues in future transactions, there are several steps you can take. First, ensure that all payment information is accurately entered, including credit card numbers and expiration dates. Double-checking this information can prevent errors that may result in a failed payment. It's also important to maintain open communication with the other party involved in the transaction. If there are any changes to payment methods or schedules, make sure to communicate these changes promptly to avoid any misunderstandings. Additionally, regularly monitor your bank account and credit card statements to detect any unauthorized or incorrect charges. This can help you catch any potential payment issues early on and resolve them quickly. Finally, consider using secure payment methods and platforms that offer buyer and seller protection.

  • Recommendations for ensuring seamless payments between China UnionPay and Russia

    1.To ensure seamless payments between China UnionPay and Russia, here are some recommendations:

    2. Verify Acceptance: Before making a payment, ensure that the merchant or ATM in Russia accepts China UnionPay cards. This can usually be checked on the China UnionPay website or by contacting the merchant directly.

    3. Notify Your Bank: If you plan to use your China UnionPay card in Russia, it's a good idea to notify your bank in advance. This can help prevent any potential issues with international transactions and ensure that your card will work smoothly while in Russia.

    4. Check Currency Conversion: Be mindful of currency conversion fees and exchange rates when using your China UnionPay card in Russia.


Recap of key points on overcoming payment issues between China UnionPay and Russia

1. China UnionPay and Russia have had payment issues in the past due to technical and regulatory challenges.

2. The two countries are working together to improve payment solutions and ensure smoother transactions for their citizens and businesses.

3. One key solution is the integration of China UnionPay with Russia's Mir payment system, which allows for easier cross-border transactions.

4. Both countries are also focused on improving infrastructure and technological capabilities to streamline payment processes.

5. As a result of these efforts, businesses and individuals can expect more efficient and seamless transactions between China UnionPay, and Russia in the future.

  • Emphasis on the importance of effective communication and proactive problem-solving

    Effective communication and proactive problem-solving are crucial skills in any personal or professional setting. By communicating clearly and actively seeking solutions to potential issues, individuals and teams can prevent misunderstandings, resolve conflicts, and achieve better outcomes. It is important to prioritize open and honest communication, actively listen to others, and be proactive in addressing problems before they escalate. These skills not only contribute to a positive and productive work environment but also build trust and collaboration among team members. Ultimately, effective communication and proactive problem-solving are essential for success and growth in any situation.

In conclusion, proactive communication, strategic problem-solving, and a willingness to explore alternative payment methods are key to overcoming payment issues between China UnionPay, and Russia. By understanding the common challenges, implementing effective solutions, and leveraging available resources, individuals and businesses can navigate the complexities of cross-border payments with confidence and efficiency.


Common Questions:

What should I do if my China UnionPay card is not accepted in Russia?

If your China UnionPay card is not accepted in Russia, you should contact your card issuer or bank to inquire about the issue. They may be able to provide you with more information about why your card is not being accepted and offer alternative solutions for making payments while in Russia. It's also a good idea to have a backup form of payment, such as a different credit or debit card, to use in case your China UnionPay card continues to be declined.

How can I resolve payment delays when using China UnionPay in Russia?

To resolve payment delays when using China UnionPay in Russia, you can first contact China UnionPay's customer service to inquire about the delay and see if they can assist in resolving the issue. You can also reach out to the merchant or bank where you made the purchase to see if they can provide any insight or assistance in expediting the payment process. It may also be helpful to check if there are any specific restrictions or requirements for using China UnionPay in Russia that could be causing the delay. Additionally, it's important to keep track of all communication and documentation related to the delayed payment for reference in case further action is needed.

Are there alternative payment methods recommended for transactions between China UnionPay and Russia?

Yes, there are alternative payment methods recommended for transactions between China UnionPay and Russia. Some alternatives include using international credit or debit cards, electronic payment platforms like Alipay or WeChat Pay, or bank transfers. It's important to consider any potential fees or currency exchange rates when choosing a payment method. Additionally, it's advisable to research and confirm that the chosen alternative payment method is widely accepted in Russia.

How can I contact customer support for assistance with payment issues between China UnionPay and Russia?

You can contact China UnionPay customer support for assistance with payment issues between China UnionPay and Russia by calling their international customer service hotline or visiting their official website to find contact information for their international customer support team. Additionally, you can reach out to the Russian bank or financial institution that issued your UnionPay card for further assistance with payment issues in Russia.

Chat Online
Chat Online
Chat Online inputting...
Dear customer, Good day, Welcome to VIPUTRANS, please describe the cargo information and demand in advance if urgent case please contact Email:info@viputrans.com/Mobile phone/Whatsapp :+8613424475220/Skype:narrynisha