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How is the international LCL ocean freight charged? What additional costs are included?

by:VIPUTRANS     2021-03-12
For some merchants who need to consign a small amount of goods, LCL by sea is undoubtedly a good choice. So how is the sea freight LCL fee charged? What will there be? First of all, everyone knows that LCL ocean freight is calculated based on the shipping company’s freight rate table. Shipping company tariffs refer to the provisions for calculating various fees and the text of the terms of division of fees according to the freight rates of different routes, different types of goods or cargo levels established by liner transportation conditions. In the same route, due to the different levels of goods, the basic rates charged by the shipping companies are different, so the level of the goods has a great relationship with the freight. Secondly, the standards for calculating LCL fees are different. For example, heavy goods are generally charged based on the weight of the freight, light foam goods are charged according to the size, some high-value goods are charged according to a certain percentage of the FOB value, and some goods are charged according to a mixed method, such as first by weight or size Tons are calculated and collected, and then some ad valorem freight is added. The current LCL ocean freight calculation standards mainly include the following: (1) The ocean freight is calculated according to the weight of the cargo, which is represented by W. W is Weight, which means weight, and usually refers to the actual gross weight of the cargo. (2) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the volume of the cargo, denoted by M, and M is Measurement, indicating size or volume. (3) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the higher of the weight or volume of the goods, expressed by 'W/MCalculate and collect sea freight. (4) Calculated and collected according to a certain percentage of the FOB value of the goods, expressed by Ad Val or A.V., Ad Val or A.V. is the abbreviation of Ad Valorem (ad valorem freight). (5) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the higher of the weight, volume, or value of the cargo, expressed as 'W/M or Ad Val(6) There are also some commodities that are charged per unit or per head. The former is like vehicles and the latter is like live animals. For bulk commodities, such as grain, ore, coal, etc., due to the large transportation volume, low prices, easy loading and unloading, etc., the shipping company will negotiate separately with the cargo owner in order to obtain the supply of goods. Calculating the freight according to the freight rate table is a relatively complicated task. It is not only necessary to be familiar with the basic content of the freight rate table, but also to work carefully. When calculating the freight, in addition to the route and the grade of the commodity, the basic rate is ) In addition to calculating the basic freight, it is necessary to find out the items of various additional costs, and calculate the additional costs that need to be paid. Surcharge (Surcharge or Additional) means that due to various reasons of the ship, cargo, port and other aspects, the ship party increases expenses or suffers economic losses when transporting goods. The ship party compensates for these expenses or losses, except for the basic rate In addition, stipulate additional fees. There are many types of these surcharges, and as some circumstances change, new surcharges will be cancelled or formulated. The following are some common types of surcharges: (1) Bunker Surcharge or Bunker Adjustment Factor (BAF) (2) Devaluation Surcharge or Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF) (3) Deviation Surcharge (D/S) (4) Suez Canal Surcharge (SCS) (5) Transhipment Surcharge (6) Direct Additional (7) Port Surcharge (8) Port Congestion Surcharge (9) Heavy-Lift Additional (HLA) (10) Long Length Additional (abbreviation) LLA) (11) Cleaning Charge (CC) (12) Fumigation Charge (13) Ice Surcharge (14) Optional Fees or Optional Additional (Optional Fees or Optional Additional) ( 15) Alteration Charge (Alteration Charge) In fact, shipping surcharges are far more than the above. There are also some surcharges, such as port congestion surcharges, which account for a large proportion of freight. Therefore, when calculating freight, we must pay attention to the calculation of various surcharges to avoid unnecessary losses.
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