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How are heavy goods and light goods defined in

by:VIPUTRANS     2021-03-12
How to define heavy cargo and light cargo (also called soaking and dumping) in logistics transportation? First, you need to understand the actual weight and volume weight: u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(1) Actual Weight (Actual Weight), that is, the weight obtained according to weighing (weighing), including actual gross weight (Gross Weight, GW) and actual net weight (Net Weight, NW), the most common is actual gross weight. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(2) Volume weight (Volumetric Weight or Dimensions Weight), that is, the weight calculated from the volume of the cargo according to a certain conversion factor or calculation formula. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e2012220001.jpg u003cbru003e u003cbru003eSimply put, if the actual weight of the goods is greater than the volume weight, it is heavy goods, otherwise it is light goods (also known as soaking goods, dumping goods). u003cbru003e u003cbru003eHowever, different modes of transportation have different definitions of heavy goods and light goods. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e1. Shipping u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(1) From the perspective of ship stowage and stowage, cargo with a cargo stowage factor less than the ships cargo volume factor is called deadweight cargo or heavy goods; cargo with a cargo stowage factor greater than the ships cargo volume factor, Known as light goods, also known as light goods (measurement cargo or light goods). u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(2) From the perspective of calculating freight rates, and in accordance with international shipping business practices, any cargo with a cargo stowage factor less than 1.1328 cubic meters/ton or 40 cubic feet/ton is called heavy cargo; where the cargo stowage factor is greater than 1.1328 cubic meters The cargo of meters/ton or 40 cubic feet/ton is called light cargo. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(3) The distinction between light cargo and heavy cargo in LCL is based on the weight per cubic meter. In international maritime LCL, it is usually 1 cubic meter u003d 1 ton. For example, if the volume of the cargo is 1 cubic meter and the weight is less than 1 ton, it is considered as light cargo, and the weight is more than 1 ton as heavy cargo. However, heavy cargo is rare in ocean LCL, and it is basically light cargo, and ocean LCL is calculated based on volume, which is fundamentally different from air freight based on weight, so it is relatively simple. Many people do a lot of ocean freight, but have never heard of light or heavy cargo, because they are basically not used. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e2. Air freight and express u003cbru003e u003cbru003eRegular items: u003cbru003eLength (cm) width (cm) height (cm) 6000 u003d volumetric weight (KG), namely 1CBM166.66667KG. u003cbru003eIrregular items: u003cbru003eThe longest (cm) the widest (cm) the highest (cm) 6000 u003d volume weight (KG), that is, 1CBM166.66667KG. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eThis is an internationally accepted algorithm. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eIn short, one cubic meter of goods greater than or equal to 167 kilograms is considered heavy goods and is charged according to actual weight. If 1 cubic meter is less than 167 kg, it will be charged when the cargo weighs 167 kg , which is considered light cargo. The weight ratio of air transport is 1:167. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eFor example: the actual gross weight of one air cargo is 95 kg and the volume is 1.2 cubic meters. According to the coefficient of air freight 1:167, the volume weight of this cargo is 1.2x167u003d200.4 kg, which is greater than the actual gross weight of 95 kg, so this cargo, Airlines will charge based on volumetric weight, not actual gross weight. Another example: the actual gross weight of a ticket of air cargo is 560 kg, and the volume is 1.5 CBM. According to the coefficient of air freight 1:167, the volume weight of this ticket is 1.5x167u003d250.5 kg, which is less than the actual gross weight of 560 kg, so this cargo is For heavy cargo, the airline will charge according to the actual gross weight, not the volume weight. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eThe classification of heavy goods and light goods in this article is for reference only. There are often some gaps between theory and practice, and further consultation with relevant logistics companies is required.
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