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New energy vehicles battery import and export certification inspection requirements
As China continues to improve the quality of new energy vehicles and establish a brand image, many overseas markets are seeking cooperation with China's new energy vehicles.
The European market is developing rapidly, and Belgium is the country that imported the largest number of new energy vehicles from China in the first half of the year. In the future, China will continue to enter the UK, Australia, South Africa, Malaysia and other markets, while some traditional auto powers have begun to cooperate with China in new energy vehicles, such as Japan and Germany.
China's export of new energy vehicles is developing rapidly.
What certification requirements do the United States, the European Union and other countries and regions have for the import of new energy vehicles?
(1) American DOT certification and EPA certification
To enter the US market, you must pass the DOT safety certification of the US Department of Transportation.
This certification is not led by government departments, but is tested by the manufacturer itself, and then the manufacturer judges whether it meets the production standards.
The U.S. Department of Transportation only controls the certification of some parts such as windshields and tires; for the rest, the U.S. The traffic department will conduct spot checks and inspections on a regular basis, and will severely punish fraudulent behavior.
EPA environmental protection certification is similar to DOT safety certification. It is also a self-declaration and departmental supervision method. The competent department is the US Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) EU e-mark certification
To obtain market access certification for vehicles exported to the EU, e-mark certification is required. Based on EU directives, the approval of components and the introduction of EEC/EC Directive (EU directives) for vehicle systems are inspected to determine whether the product is qualified.
After passing the inspection The e-mark certificate can be used to enter the EU local market.
(3) Nigeria SONCAP certification
SONCAP certificate is a legally necessary document for controlled products to go through customs clearance procedures in Nigerian customs (motor vehicle spare parts belong to the scope of SONCAP compulsory certification products), lack of SONCAP certificate will cause delayed customs clearance of controlled products or be refused to enter the Nigerian market.
(4) Tanzania PVOC certification
The National Bureau of Standards of Tanzania stipulates that all regulated products covered by the PVOC (Pre-Export Verification of Conformity to Standards) procedure (automobiles and their parts are within the scope of regulated products) must be inspected,
and the products must comply with Tanzania National standards or their recognized standards, on the basis of which a product certificate of conformity (Certificate of Conformity, COC) is issued.
(5) Saudi Arabia SABER certification
SABER certification is an online certification system for the Saudi product safety plan launched on January 1, 2019 after the Saudi Arabian Standards Organization introduced the Saudi product safety plan SALEEM.
It is a conformity certification assessment program for exporting Saudi products. In November 2019, auto parts were included in the product certification list. The SABER certification process is similar to Nigeria's SONCAP certification.
Products must first apply for a PC certificate, and apply for an SC certificate for each batch of products when shipping.
As a key component of new energy vehicles under the battery, what standards must the production of power batteries meet?
Chinese standard: Automotive power batteries must meet the requirements of GB 38031, GB/T 31484, and GB/T 31486 standards.
EU regulations: Automotive power batteries need to obtain mandatory E-Mark certification, including ECE R100 and ECE R10. Materials need to meet RoHS requirements.
North American regulations: Automotive power batteries need to meet the requirements of the UL 2580 standard.
Indian regulations: Power batteries for automobiles need to meet the requirements of the AIS 038 standard.
With the expansion of the new energy vehicle export market, what are the requirements for the export of new energy vehicle power batteries?
According to international regulations such as the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG), the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG) and the International Air Transport Association-Dangerous Goods Regulations (IATA-DGR),
power batteries are It is divided into two categories: UN3480 (lithium batteries are transported separately) and UN3171 (battery-driven vehicles or equipment).
They belong to Class 9 dangerous goods and must pass the UN38.3 test during transportation.
Although lithium-ion batteries used in new energy vehicles are dangerous goods, they should be treated differently according to different situations.
(1) If the goods to be transported are pure electric vehicles, the special name for transportation is "battery-driven vehicles", the UN number is "UN 3171", and it is "unrestricted goods" during land and sea transportation, and there is no packaging requirement;
(2) If the goods to be transported are hybrid vehicles, the special name for transportation is "vehicles driven by flammable liquids", the UN number is "UN 3166", and the sea and land transportation is "unrestricted goods", with no packaging requirements.
(3) If the goods to be transported are lithium-ion batteries, and the special shipping name is "lithium-ion batteries", the hazard category is "Class 9 Dangerous Goods", and the United Nations number is "UN 3480", according to its packaging guidelines The corresponding packing group is "II". According to the "People's Republic of China Import and Export Commodity Inspection Law", the performance appraisal and use appraisal of dangerous goods packaging should be carried out.
If you are interested in exporting new energy cars from China. Feel free to contact us.
We will provide you with professional advice and services.
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