History of China's Civil Aviation Dangerous Goods
my country's air transport of dangerous goods can be traced back to the 1950s. At that time, the dangerous goods transported by air were mainly pesticides and a very small amount of radioisotopes. At that time, the Civil Aviation Administration of China formulated the 'Interim Provisions for the Carriage of Dangerous Goods' and 'The Provisions for the Transport of Radioactive Materials'. In the early 1960s, China's civil aviation only served the neighboring countries such as the Soviet Union, Myanmar, Vietnam, Mongolia and North Korea. International and domestic cargo transportation volume is very limited. After 1961, in order to ensure the safety of air transportation, according to the instructions of the superior, it was stipulated that civil aviation passenger and cargo airliners should not carry chemical dangerous goods and radioactive isotopes. But over the next decade or so, with my country's increasingly active foreign relations and the continuous development of foreign trade, PIA and AIR FRANCE set sail to China one after another. China Civil Aviation has also opened Beijing-Moscow, Beijing-Shanghai-Osaka-Tokyo, Beijing-Karachi-Paris and Beijing-Tehran-Bucharest-Tirana routes, and the demand for air transportation of imported chemical dangerous goods is increasing. Although dangerous goods cannot be carried on domestic routes, more and more chemical industrial products are entering people's lives, and the civil aviation transportation department has to face the problem of how to determine whether the goods consigned by the shipper are dangerous goods and can be accepted for transportation. . The cargoes carried by foreign airlines to China often contain dangerous goods, and the final destination is usually a city other than the terminal of the flight. How to transport these dangerous goods to their final destination? The first surge in social demand prompted the government to lift the ban.
'In April 1974, with the approval of the Chinese government, China’s civil aviation international routes and domestic segments of the joint transport of dangerous goods were carried according to the unified regulations of the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Since January 1976, the carriage of radioisotopes was resumed, It also drafted the 'Regulations for Air Transport of Radioisotopes.' In September 1979, the Civil Aviation Administration of China issued the 'Provisions for the Transportation of Chemical Substances', which provides more complete regulations on the air operations of chemical substances.' (Excerpt from 'Civil Aviation of Contemporary China' cause')
It is precisely because of the above-mentioned regulations that 'all refer to the unified regulations of the International Air Transport Association (IATA)' that only minor incidents (incidents) have occurred in China's air transport of dangerous goods in the next 28 years, but they are basically guaranteed. Transportation safety and flight safety. This is because the 'Uniform Regulations of the International Air Transport Association (IATA)' is constantly revised and improved according to the emergence of various new chemical products and high-tech products in the world and the new situation that occurs in the air transport industry every year. It is the regulatory publication called 'RESTRICTED ARTICLES REGULATIONS' (RAR) published by the International Air Transport Association that guides our transportation of dangerous goods. In the future, the member states of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, signed Annex 18 of the Chicago Convention and published the 'Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air' (TI) ). IATA changed its RAR to 'DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS' for short DGR, and its basic content is consistent with the TI of ICAO. For many years, we have handled dangerous goods transportation in accordance with this unified regulation. Of course, the achievements of decades of safe transportation cannot be achieved without the scientific spirit of meticulous, excellence, and unscrupulous handling of goods from one generation to another.