Foreign trade people must know! 21 common certifications
1. CE certification
The mark is a safety certification mark, regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. CE stands for European Unity (CONFORMITEEUROPEENNE). All products affixed with the 'CE' mark can be sold in the EU member states without meeting the requirements of each member state, thus realizing the free circulation of goods within the EU member states.
2. RoHS certification
RoHS is the English abbreviation of 'Directive on Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment.' RoHS lists six hazardous substances, including: lead Pb, cadmium Cd, mercury Hg, hexavalent chromium Cr6+, polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE, and polybrominated biphenyl PBB. The European Union began to implement RoHS on July 1, 2006. Electrical and electronic products that use or contain heavy metals and flame retardants such as polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE and polybrominated biphenyl PBB are not allowed to enter the EU market. RoHS targets all electrical and electronic products that may contain the above six hazardous substances in the production process and raw materials, mainly including: white home appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters, etc., and black home appliances, such as audio and video products , DVD, CD, TV receiver, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc.; electric tools, electric electronic toys, medical electrical equipment.
3. REACH certification
REACH is the abbreviation of EU regulations 'Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals', which is a chemical regulatory system established by the EU and implemented on June 1, 2007. This is a regulatory proposal concerning the safety of chemical production, trade, and use. The regulation aims to protect human health and environmental safety, maintain and improve the competitiveness of the EU chemical industry, and develop innovative capabilities for non-toxic and harmless compounds. The REACH Directive requires that all chemicals imported and produced in Europe must go through a comprehensive set of procedures such as registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction, in order to better and more simply identify the chemical components to achieve the purpose of ensuring environmental and human safety. The directive mainly includes registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction and other major items. Any product must have a registration file that lists the chemical ingredients, and explain how the manufacturer uses these chemical ingredients and the toxicity assessment report. All information will be entered into a database under construction, which will be managed by a new EU agency, the European Chemical Agency, located in Helsinki, Finland.
4. FDA certification
US Food and Drug Administration (Food and Drug Administration) referred to as FDA. FDA is one of the executive agencies established by the US government in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Department of Public Health (PHS). The FDA's responsibility is to ensure the safety of food, cosmetics, drugs, biological agents, medical equipment, and radiological products produced or imported in the United States. After the 'September 11' incident, people in the United States believed that it was necessary to effectively improve the safety of food supplies. After the US Congress passed the 'Public Health and Safety and Bioterrorism Prevention and Countermeasures Act of 2002' in June last year, it allocated US$500 million to authorize the FDA to formulate specific rules for the implementation of the Act. The regulation stipulates that the FDA will assign a special registration number to each registration applicant. Food exported to the United States by foreign institutions must be notified to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration 24 hours before arriving at a U.S. port, or they will be denied entry. , And be detained at the port of entry.
Remark: FDA only needs registration, not certification.
5. FCC certification
(United States Federal Communications Commission) COMMUNICATIONACT was established in 1934 as an independent agency of the US government, directly responsible to Congress. The FCC coordinates domestic and international communications by controlling radio broadcasting, television, telecommunications, satellites and cables. Involving more than 50 states in the United States, Colombia and the regions of the United States, in order to ensure the safety of radio and wire communication products related to life and property, the FCC's Engineering and Technology Department (Office of Engineering and Technology) is responsible for the technical support of the committee and is responsible for equipment approval Aspect of affairs. Many radio application products, communication products, and digital products require FCC approval to enter the US market. The FCC committee investigates and studies the various stages of product safety to find the best way to solve the problem. At the same time, the FCC also includes the testing of radio devices and aircraft. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-regulates the import and use of radio frequency devices, including computers, fax machines, electronic devices, radio receiving and transmission equipment, radio remote control toys, telephones, personal computers, and other products that may harm personal safety. If these products are to be exported to the United States, they must be tested and approved by a laboratory authorized by the government in accordance with FCC technical standards. Importers and customs agents have to declare that each radio frequency device complies with FCC standards, the FCC license.
6. CCC certification
In accordance with China's WTO commitments and the principle of embodying national treatment, the country uses a uniform mark for compulsory product certification. The name of the new national compulsory certification mark is 'China Compulsory Certification', the English name is 'China Compulsory Certification', and the English abbreviation is 'CCC'. After the implementation of China's compulsory certification mark, it will gradually replace the original 'Great Wall' mark and 'CCIB' mark.
7. CSA certification
CSA is the abbreviation of Canadian Standards Association (Canadian Standards Association). It was established in 1919 and is Canada's first non-profit organization dedicated to the development of industrial standards. Products such as electronics and electrical appliances sold in the North American market require safety certification. At present, CSA is the largest safety certification body in Canada and one of the most famous safety certification bodies in the world. It can provide safety certifications for all types of products in machinery, building materials, electrical appliances, computer equipment, office equipment, environmental protection, medical fire safety, sports and entertainment. CSA has provided certification services to thousands of manufacturers all over the world, and hundreds of millions of products with the CSA mark are sold in the North American market every year.
8. DIN certification
Deutsches Institut fur Normung. DIN is the standardization authority in Germany and participates in international and regional non-governmental standardization organizations as a national standardization organization. DIN joined the International Organization for Standardization in 1951. The German Electrotechnical Commission (DKE), jointly formed by DIN and the German Institute of Electrical Engineers (VDE), represents Germany in the International Electrotechnical Commission. DIN is also the European Committee for Standardization and European Electrotechnical Standard.
9. BSI certification
British Standards Institution British Standards Institution (BSI) is the world's earliest national standardization organization. It is not controlled by the government but is strongly supported by the government. BSI formulates and revises British Standards and promotes their implementation.
10. CB certification
In June 1991, China Electrotechnical Product Certification Committee was accepted by the International Electrotechnical Commission's Electrotechnical Product Safety Certification Organization (iEcEE) Management Committee (Mc) as the national certification body that recognizes and issues CB certificates. The 9 subordinate testing stations are accepted as CB laboratories (certification body laboratories). As long as the company obtains the cB certificate and test report issued by the committee, the 30 member states in the IECEE-ccB system will recognize it. Basically, there is no need to send samples to the importing country for testing. This saves cost and time to obtain the country's certification certificate, which is extremely beneficial to export products.
11. EMC certification
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of electronic and electrical products is a very important quality indicator. It is not only related to the working reliability and safety of the product itself, but also may affect the normal operation of other equipment and systems. Protection of electromagnetic environment. The European Community government stipulates that from January 1, 1996, all electrical and electronic products must pass EMC certification and be affixed with the CE mark before they can be sold on the European Community market. This has caused widespread influence in the world, and governments of various countries have taken measures to implement mandatory management of the RMC performance of electrical and electronic products. Internationally influential ones, such as EU 89/336/EEC, etc.
12. PSE certification
PSE is a certification mark given by Japan JET for electronic and electrical products that comply with Japanese safety regulations. According to Japan's DENTORL Law (Electrical Device and Material Control Law), 498 products must pass safety certification to enter the Japanese market.
13. GS certification
The GS mark is a safety certification mark issued by TUV and VDE authorized by the German Ministry of Labor. The GS mark is a safety mark accepted by European customers. Generally, GS certified products are sold at higher unit prices and are more popular.
14. ISO certification
The International Organization for Standardization is the world's largest non-governmental standardization organization, and it occupies a leading position in international standardization. ISO develops international standards. The main activities of ISO are to formulate international standards, coordinate standardization work worldwide, organize member states and technical committees to exchange information, and cooperate with other international organizations to jointly study related standardization issues.
15. HACCP certification
HACCP is the abbreviation of 'Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point', that is, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point. The HACCP system is considered to be the best and most effective management system for controlling food safety and flavor quality. The national standard GB/T15091-1994 'Basic Terminology of the Food Industry' defines HACCP as: a control method for producing (processing) safe food; analyzing raw materials, key production procedures and human factors affecting product safety to determine the processing process In the key links of the process, establish and improve monitoring procedures and monitoring standards, and adopt standardized corrective measures. The international standard CAC/RCP-1 'General Principles of Food Hygiene, 1997 Revised 3rd Edition' defines HACCP as a system for identifying, evaluating and controlling hazards that are essential to food safety.
16. GMP certification
GMP is the abbreviation of Good Manufacturing Practice in English, and Chinese means 'Good Manufacturing Practice', which is a kind of management that pays special attention to the implementation of food hygiene and safety in the production process. Briefly speaking, GMP requires that food production enterprises should have good production equipment, reasonable production processes, perfect quality management and strict inspection systems to ensure that the quality of the final product (including food safety and hygiene) meets the requirements of regulations. The content stipulated by GMP is the most basic condition that food processing enterprises must meet.
17. UL certification
UL is short for Underwriter Laboratories Inc. (Underwriter Laboratories Inc.). UL Safety Testing Institute is the most authoritative in the United States, and it is also the largest private organization engaged in safety testing and appraisal in the world. It is an independent, non-profit professional organization that conducts experiments for public safety. It uses scientific testing methods to study and determine whether various materials, devices, products, equipment, buildings, etc. are harmful to life and property and the degree of harm; to determine, compile and issue corresponding standards and help reduce and prevent life Data on property losses, while conducting fact-finding research business. In short, it is mainly engaged in product safety certification and business safety certification business, and its ultimate goal is to obtain products with a fairly safe standard for the market, and to contribute to the guarantee of personal health and property safety. In terms of product safety certification as an effective means to eliminate technical barriers to international trade, UL also plays an active role in promoting the development of international trade.
Remark: UL is not mandatory to enter the United States.
18. HALAL certification
Halal, originally meant to be 'legal', is translated as 'halal' in Chinese, which means food, medicine, cosmetics, and food, medicine, and cosmetic additives that meet the lifestyle and needs of Muslims. The Muslim country Malaysia has been committed to the development of the halal industry. The halal certification issued by them has a high international reputation and is trusted by the Muslim public. Including North American and European markets, they have gradually realized the huge potential of halal products, spared no effort to start the development and production of related products, and have also formulated corresponding standards and procedures for halal certification.
19. C/A-tick certification
C/A-tick certification is a certification mark issued by the Australian Communications Authority (ACA) for communication equipment. The C-tick certification cycle: 1-2 weeks. The product performs ACAQ technical standard testing, register with ACA to use A/C-Tick, fill in the 'Declaration of Conformity Form', and save it with the product compliance record, and paste A/C on communication products or equipment -Tick mark label (label), sold to consumers A-Tick is only applicable to communication products, electronic products mostly apply for C-Tick, but if electronic products apply for A-Tick, you do not need to apply for C-Tick separately. Since November 2001, Australia/New Zealand’s EMI has applied for a merger; if the product is to be sold in these two countries, the following documents must be prepared before marketing to prepare for the ACA (Australian Communications Authority) or New Zealand (Ministry of Economic Development) ) The authorities conduct random checks at any time. Australia's EMC system divides products into three levels. Suppliers must register with ACA and apply for the C-Tick mark before selling level two and level three products.
20, SAA certification
SAA certification is an Australian standards agency and is certified under the Standards Association of Australian, so many friends call the Australian certification SAA. SAA is a certification that electrical products entering the Australian market must comply with local safety regulations, that is, the industry often faces. Due to the mutual recognition agreement between Australia and New Zealand, all products certified by Australia can be smoothly sold in the New Zealand market. All electrical products have to do safety certification (SAA). There are two main types of SAA logos, one is formal approval and the other is standard logo. Formal certification is only responsible for samples, while standard marks are required for each factory inspection. There are currently two ways to apply for SAA certification in China. One is to transfer the CB test report. If there is no CB test report, you can also apply directly. In general, the period for common ITAV lamps and small household appliances to apply for SAA certification in Australia is 3-4 weeks. If the product quality does not meet the standard, the date may be extended. When submitting the report to Australia for review, you need to provide the SAA certificate of the product plug (mainly for products with plugs), otherwise it will not be processed, the important components in the product SAA certificate, such as lamps need to provide the SAA certificate of the transformer in the lamp, otherwise The Australian state audit data failed.
21, Taiwan BSMI certification
BSMI is the abbreviation of 'Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection' of the Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection of Taiwan's Ministry of Economic Affairs. According to the announcement of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan, from July 1, 2005, products entering the Taiwan area will be subject to electromagnetic compatibility and safety regulations. China Taiwan BSMI certification is mandatory. It has requirements for EMC and SAFETY. However, BSMI currently does not have factory inspections, but it must act in accordance with the regulations of the Bureau of Standards.