Reduce logistics costs, a series of major measures
Logistics is an important link in the smooth circulation of the national economy. In recent years, logistics has been actively promoted to reduce costs and increase efficiency, and the level of social logistics costs has remained steadily declining. However, problems such as high logistics costs and low efficiency in some areas are still outstanding, and it is difficult to adapt to the requirements of building a modern economic system and promoting high-quality development.
The 'Opinions' propose to deepen the reform of key links and reduce the cost of the logistics system. These include deepening the reform of railway marketization. Select regions with dense railway network, large freight demand, and prominent contradiction between transportation supply and demand, and some important railway freight lines (including the distribution system) to carry out comprehensive trials of railway market reform, and carry out investment, financing, planning and construction by introducing market competition mechanisms , Operation management, performance management, transportation organization and other reforms. Further relax market access and attract social capital to participate in the construction and operation of logistics facilities such as railway freight yards and warehousing.
It is also important to strengthen land and capital guarantees and reduce the cost of logistics elements. Broadening financing channels is a key link. The 'Opinions' make it clear that the central budgetary investment and local government special bonds will increase support for the construction of major logistics infrastructure such as national logistics hubs and national backbone cold chain logistics bases.
Guide banking financial institutions to strengthen financing support for logistics enterprises, encourage the standardized development of supply chain finance, and rely on core enterprises to strengthen financial services for upstream and downstream small and micro enterprises. Give full play to the role of a comprehensive credit service platform for the financing of small and medium-sized enterprises across the country, and promote the 'Xinyi Loan' model. Encourage social capital to set up a logistics industry development fund.
At the same time, tax and fee reduction measures in roads, railways, aviation, ports and other fields will gradually be implemented. For example, implement logistics tax reduction and fee reduction policies such as halving the urban land use tax for bulk commodity storage land; comprehensively promote differentiated expressway tolls; encourage qualified places to buy back toll rights for operating ordinary toll roads, and implement free vehicles Access; streamline railway freight and miscellaneous fees; vigorously promote the 'one-size-fits-all' transportation of bulk goods; reduce port, inspection and quarantine fees, and reduce conventional charges for container import and export.
At the recent press conference of the State Council Information Office, Deputy Minister of Transport Dai Dongchang said, “Through optimizing the government affairs process, we will further promote transportation logistics to simplify certification, reduce fees, and improve quality and efficiency. It is expected to reduce logistics costs by more than 130 billion yuan this year. .'
It is worth mentioning that the 'Opinions' also proposes to study and formulate implementation plans for the construction of a national logistics hub network for 2021-2025, integrate and optimize existing logistics infrastructure resources, and build a 'channel + hub + network' logistics operation system, which is systematically reduced Logistics costs of the entire transportation and warehousing. Encourage market-oriented mergers and reorganizations of large logistics enterprises to improve their comprehensive service capabilities and international competitiveness. Cultivate strong international shipping companies, and promote the construction of an international shipping network commensurate with the scale of my country's foreign trade.