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How is the shipping freight for special personal items calculated?

by:VIPUTRANS     2021-03-12
In international logistics, because the items are large and bulky, they generally choose the shipping method. Many people don't know how the ocean freight calculation is calculated. It doesn't matter. Today, the editor of VIPU Supply Chain International Logistics will introduce you to the ocean freight calculation. Sea freight is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the liner freight table and is a monopoly price. The calculation method is as follows: ocean freight calculation method and method (BASIS/UNIT FOR FREIGHT CALCULATION): usually according to the weight of the cargo; according to the size or volume of the cargo; according to the weight or size of the cargo, choose the higher one to calculate the freight; according to the FOB of the cargo A certain percentage of the price is charged as a fee, which is called ad valorem freight; it is calculated and collected as a unit for each item; the freight is charged by the price negotiated by both parties temporarily, which is called bargaining. (1) Select the relevant freight rate;    (2) According to the name of the goods, find the freight calculation standard (BASIS) and class (CLASS) in the cargo classification table;    (3) In the basic rate part of the grade rate table, Find the corresponding route, port of departure, port of destination, and check the basic freight rate by level. (4) From the surcharge section, find out all the surcharge items and amounts (or percentages) and currency types receivable (paid);    (5) Calculate the actual freight rate based on the basic freight rate and surcharge;    (6) Freight u003d Freight X freight tons. But for some special goods such as group goods, furniture, luggage and clothing, etc., when using containers for shipping, there are some special regulations on the calculation of freight. Nowadays (1) group cargo liner companies usually give certain discounts in freight rates for group cargoes that meet the relevant regulations and requirements in the freight rate book and are consigned as LCL. When calculating the freight, the pallet itself should be deducted The weight or volume of the goods, but this deduction cannot exceed 10% of the weight or volume of the group of goods (cargo plus pallet), and the excess part will still be charged at the rate applicable to the goods on the pallet. However, for the group of goods consigned by the whole container, the preferential freight rate is not available, and the weight or volume of the pallet of the whole container is generally not deducted when calculating the freight. (2) Furniture and baggage For furniture or baggage loaded in a container, in addition to being assembled into a box and then loaded into the container, freight and other related expenses shall be calculated and collected at 100% of the container's internal volume. This regulation generally applies to logistics items. (3) Clothing When clothing is loaded in a container for transportation, the carrier usually only accepts the 'CY/CY' (CY/CY) transportation handover method for the entire container, and the owner provides the necessary clothing Box materials such as clothes hangers. Freight is calculated based on 85% of the container's internal volume. If there are other goods in the box in addition to the clothes mounted, the clothes will still be charged at 85% of the box capacity, and the other goods will be charged according to the actual volume. But when the total billing volume of the two exceeds 100% of the box capacity, the excess part is free of charge. In this case, the owner of the cargo shall provide a cargo measurement certificate issued by a notary public approved by the carrier.   (4) Returned goods Returned goods refer to goods that are shipped by the original carrier to the original port or the place of shipment after a certain period of time after unloading at the port of unloading or the place of delivery. For this kind of return goods, the carrier generally gives certain freight discounts. For example, when the goods are unloaded at the unloading port or the place of delivery, the original carrier is transported back to the original port or the place of delivery for six months. (Original container) return freight is calculated at 85% of the original freight, and LCL freight is calculated at 90% of the original freight. However, all expenses incurred during the detention of the goods at the port of discharge or place of delivery shall be borne by the applicant. (5) Cargo demurrage In container transportation, after the goods arrive at the destination, the carrier usually gives the goods in the box a certain free storage period (Free Time), but if the owner does not go to the carrier within the stipulated free period To pick up the container at the yard, or go to the freight station to pick up the goods, the carrier charges the owner of demurrage for the excess time (Demurrage). The free storage period of goods is usually calculated from the time the container is unloaded from the ship, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays. But once it enters the demurrage time, it is calculated continuously, that is, if there is a Saturday, Sunday or holiday during the demurrage time, the Saturday, Sunday and holiday should also be included in the demurrage time, the length of the free storage period and the demurrage fee The calculation and collection standards are related to the container type, size and port conditions. At the same time, it also varies with the liner company. Sometimes different shipping companies have different calculation methods for the same port. According to the regulations of the liner company, the carrier has the right to dispose of the container cargo separately after the free storage period of the goods has expired. For goods shipped in the carrier’s container, the carrier has the right to unload the goods from the box and store them in the warehouse of the warehousing company. The resulting transfer freight, storage fees, and accident losses caused during the handling process and the liability are all borne by The consignor bears. (6) If the container and related equipment used by the owner of the container belong to the carrier, and the owner fails to return the container or related equipment to the carrier after the expiration of the free period of use, or deliver it to the carrier’s designated location, the carrier People will charge the owner of the container period usage fee for overtime according to regulations.
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