Regarding the three classifications of shipping routes
According to ship operation mode
(1) Regular routes refer to routes that use fixed ships, sail according to fixed schedules and ports, and operate passenger and cargo transportation services at relatively fixed rates. Regular routes are also called liner routes, which mainly carry general cargo.
(2) Irregular routes are routes temporarily selected according to the needs of cargo. Ships, sailing schedules, and ports of call are not fixed. It is a route that mainly operates bulk and low-cost cargo transportation.
According to the distance of the voyage
(1) OCEAN-GOING SHIPPING LINE refers to long-distance voyage shipping routes that cross the ocean, such as the routes from the Far East to Europe and America. my country is customary to use the Port of Aden as the boundary, and the routes to the west of the Port of Aden, including the two sides of the Red Sea, Europe and the vast areas of North and South America, are classified as ocean routes.
(2) Near-sea shipping line (NEAR-SEA SHIPPING LINE), refers to the general name of the sea transportation routes between the ports of the country and the ports of neighboring countries. my country is customary to call the routes in Asia and Oceania east of the Port of Aden as near Ocean routes.
(3) Coastal shipping line (COASTAL SHIPPING LINE) refers to the maritime transport routes between the ports in the country's coast, such as Shanghai/Guangzhou, Qingdao/Dalian, etc.
According to the range of sailing
(1) Atlantic routes; (2) Pacific routes; (3) Indian Ocean routes; (4) Global routes.
Atlantic routes mainly include:
①Northwest Europe-North America East Coast Route
This route is the transportation line for the exchange of raw fuel and products between the two most industrially developed regions in the world in Western Europe and North America. Both sides of the strait have important ports for the World Cup/5. The transportation is extremely busy, and most of the ships take the North Great Circle route. The navigation area has heavy wind and waves in winter, dense fog and icebergs, which threaten navigation safety.
②Northwestern Europe, North America East Coast-Caribbean route
Northwestern Europe-Caribbean routes mostly cross the North Atlantic after leaving the English Channel. Together with ships departing from ports on the east coast of North America, it generally enters the Caribbean Sea through Mona and the Windward Channel. In addition to the ports along the Caribbean Sea, ports on the Pacific coast of the Americas can also be reached via the Panama Canal.
③Northwestern Europe, East Coast of North America--Mediterranean Sea, Suez Canal--Asia Pacific route
Northwest Europe, North America East Harm-Mediterranean Sea-Suez route is the world's busiest flight segment, it is a shortcut for trade between North America, Northwest Europe and the Asia Pacific Gulf region. The route generally passes through Azores, a terminal on the Madeira Islands.
④Northwest Europe, Mediterranean Sea-South America East Coast route
The route generally passes through the terminal on the Atlantic islands of West Africa-Canary and Cape Verde Islands.
⑤Northwestern Europe, East China Sea of ??North America--Cape of Good Hope, Far East route
This route is generally the oil route of a giant tanker. The Cape Verde Islands and the Canary Islands are the main terminals for passing ships.
⑥South American East China Sea-Cape of Good Hope-Far East route
This is a transportation line mainly for oil and ore. The route is in the west wind drifting waters, with heavy wind and waves. Generally, the west flight is northbound, and the east flight is southbound.
Pacific routes can be divided into the following route groups:
①Far East-North American West Coast Port Route
This route refers to ports in Southeast Asian countries, China, and Northeast Asian countries, along the Great Circle route across the North Pacific to ports on the west coast of the United States and Canada. The route also fluctuates with the seasons, generally north in summer and south in winter to avoid sea fog and storms in the North Pacific. This route is one of the routes with the fastest growth in cargo volume and the largest cargo volume after the war.
②Far East-Caribbean Sea, North American East Coast Port Route
The route not only crosses the North Pacific, but also crosses the Panama Canal, so it is generally southerly, and the distance across the ocean is longer. The Port of Honolulu in the Hawaiian Islands is their terminal, and ships add fuel and supplies here. This route is also one of the routes with the largest cargo volume in the Pacific.
③Far East-South America West Coast Port Route
The route is the same as the Shanghai route in that it has to cross the ocean, has a long route, and passes through the central Pacific hub station; but the difference is that it does not need to cross the Panama Canal. The line also has a hub port that travels south to the South Pacific, and then crosses the South Pacific to reach the west coast of South America.
④Far East-Australia, New Zealand and Southwest Pacific island countries' routes
The route does not need to cross the Pacific Ocean, but sails north-south in the Western Pacific, close to land, and the route is shorter. However, because some island countries (regions) in the north have developed industries and are poor in resources, while countries in the south are rich in resources, the transportation of primary products is particularly busy.
⑤East Asia-Southeast Asia port routes
refers to the southwest of the ports of Japan, South Korea, North Korea, the Russian Far East and China to the ports of Southeast Asian countries. The route is short, but with frequent exchanges, inter-regional trade is booming and developing rapidly.
⑥Far East-North Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, Northwestern Europe routes
The route mostly goes west through the Strait of Malacca, and there are also many primary products that pass through the Lombok Strait to and from countries in the North Indian Ocean, such as oil. The transportation via the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean Sea and Northwest Europe is mostly done in containers. Freight on this route is busy.
⑦East Asia-East South Africa, West Africa, South America East Coast Route
This route mostly passes through Southeast Asia through the Strait of Malacca or southwest through the Strait of Sunda to ports in East South Africa, or through the Cape of Good Hope to ports in West African countries, or across the Atlantic Ocean to ports in East Coast countries in South America. This route is also dominated by resource-based cargo.
⑧ Australia, New Zealand-North America West and East Coast routes
Australia and New Zealand to ports on the west coast of North America generally pass through these Pacific shipping hubs such as Suva and Honolulu. To ports on the east coast of North America and ports in Caribbean countries, you need to pass through the Panama Canal.
⑨Australia, New Zealand-South American West Coast countries and ports routes
The route needs to traverse the Vietnam Pacific. Since the countries and populations on both sides of the strait are small, the trade volume is the least and the ships are sparse.
⑩ North America East and West Coast-South America West Coast Route
This route all sails near the oceans of North and South America. Due to the small population and small area of ??the west coast of South America, there are few ships traveling between North and South. Ports from the west coast of North America to the east coast of North America pass through the Panama Canal.
The Indian Ocean routes are mainly oil transportation lines, and many of them are transit transportation of bulk cargo.
①Persian Gulf-Good Hope-Western Europe, North America Route
This route is mainly operated by supertankers and is the world's most important maritime oil transportation line.
②Persian Gulf-Southeast Asia-Japan route
The route travels east through the Strait of Malacca (available for ships under 200,000 dwt) or Lombok and Makassar Strait (available for supertankers above 200,000 dwt) to Japan.
③Persian Gulf-Suez Canal-Mediterranean Sea-Western Europe, North America
This route currently allows supertankers with a cargo of up to 300,000 tons.
In addition to the above three oil shipping lines, other routes in the Indian Ocean include: Far East-Southeast Asia-East Africa routes; Far East-Southeast Asia, Mediterranean-Northwest Europe routes; Far East-Southeast Asia-Cape of Good Hope-West Africa, South America routes; Australia New-Mediterranean-Northwest Europe route; Northern Indian Ocean-European route.