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How is the international LCL ocean freight charged?

by:VIPUTRANS     2021-03-12
For some merchants who need to consign a small amount of goods, LCL by sea is undoubtedly a good choice. So how is the sea freight LCL fee charged? What will there be u003cbru003e u003cbru003eFirst of all, everyone knows that LCL ocean freight is calculated according to the shipping company's freight rate table. Shipping company tariffs refer to the provisions of the calculation of various fees and the text of the terms of division of fees according to the freight rates of different routes, different types of goods or grades of goods established by the liner transportation conditions. In the same route, due to the different grades of goods, the basic rates charged by the shipping companies are different, so the grade of the goods has a great relationship with the freight. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eSecondly, the standards for calculating LCL fees are different. For example, heavy goods are generally charged based on the weight of the freight, light foam goods are charged according to the size, some high-value goods are charged according to a certain percentage of the FOB value, and some goods are charged according to a mixed method, such as first by weight or size Tons are calculated and collected, and then some ad valorem freight is added. The current LCL ocean freight calculation standards mainly include the following: u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(1) The ocean freight is calculated according to the weight of the goods, represented by W, and W is Weight, which means weight, usually refers to the actual gross weight of the goods. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(2) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the volume of the cargo, denoted by M, and M is Measurement, which means size or volume. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(3) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the higher of the weight or volume of the goods, expressed by'W/M', where W is Weight, and M is Measurement, which means that W or M is compared, whichever is greater Calculate and collect sea freight. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(4) Calculated and collected according to a certain percentage of the FOB value of the goods, expressed in Ad Val or A.V., Ad Val or A.V. is the abbreviation of Ad Valorem (ad valorem freight). u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(5) The ocean freight is calculated and collected according to the higher of the weight, volume, or value of the cargo, expressed as'W/M or Ad Val', W is Weight, M is Measurement, and Ad Val is the value of the goods. u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(6) There are also some commodities that are charged by unit (per unit) or per head (per head), the former such as vehicles, and the latter such as live animals. For bulk commodities, such as grain, ore, coal, etc., due to the large transportation volume, low prices, and easy loading and unloading, shipping companies will negotiate separately with the cargo owners in order to obtain supply. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eCalculating freight according to the freight rate table is a relatively complicated task. It is not only necessary to be familiar with the basic content of the freight rate table, but also to work carefully. When calculating the freight, in addition to the route and the grade of the goods, the basic rate (Basis Rate) In addition to calculating the basic freight, it is also necessary to find out the items of various additional costs, and calculate the additional costs that need to be paid. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eSurcharge (Surcharge or Additional) means that due to various reasons of the ship, cargo, port and other aspects, the ship party increases expenses or suffers economic losses when transporting goods. The ship party compensates for these expenses or losses, except for the basic rate In addition, stipulate additional fees. u003cbru003e u003cbru003eThere are many types of these surcharges, and as some circumstances change, new surcharges will be cancelled or formulated. The following are some common surcharge categories: u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(1) Fuel surcharge (Bunker Surcharge or Bunker Adjustment Factor, abbreviated as BAF) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(2) Currency devaluation surcharge (Devaluation Surcharge or Currency Adjustment Factor, abbreviated as CAF) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(3) Deviation Surcharge (Deviation Surcharge, abbreviated as D/S) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(4) Suez Canal Surcharge (SCS) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(5) Transshipment Surcharge (Transhipment Surcharge) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(6) Direct Additional u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(7) Port Surcharge (Port Surcharge) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(8) Port Congestion Surcharge u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(9) Heavy-Lift Additional (Heavy-Lift Additional, HLA) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(10) Long Length Additional (Long Length Additional, abbreviated LLA) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(11) Cleaning Charge (CC) u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(12) Fumigation Charge u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(13) Ice Surcharge u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(14) Optional Fees or Optional Additional u003cbru003e u003cbru003e(15) Alteration of unloading port surcharge (Alteration Charge) u003cbru003e u003cbru003eIn fact, shipping surcharges are far more than the above. There are also some surcharges, such as port congestion surcharges, which account for a large percentage of freight. Therefore, when calculating freight, we must pay attention to the calculation of various surcharges to avoid unnecessary losses.
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