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The difference between shipping LCL and FCL

by:VIPUTRANS     2021-03-13
There are two kinds of shipping logistics mode of shipment: LCL and FCL, so, what are the difference between the LCL and FCL? Shipping logistics is go go LCL or full container right? Today VIPU international logistics Supply Chain of small make up to take you to understand it. A, nouns explain 1, shipping LCL, called the LCL ( 不到ContainerLoad) 。 Refers to the owner of the goods consignment of goods less than the whole case goods receipts, agent, Or the carrier) Sorting the goods, put the goods to the same destination, to focus on a certain amount of assembled into the box. 2, shipping the whole case, namely the whole ark, called the FCL ( 集装箱整箱货物) 。 Refers to the whole case only a shipper of goods shipped to the port of destination, relatively easily compete box. FCL is the consignor shall be responsible for packing and sealing, counting, stowage of the cargo. FCL cargo devanning, generally by the consignee to deal with. Second, the different methods of billing 1 basic freight, LCL, LCL freight only, points in two ways: (according to the size and weight calculation 1) Basic freight by volume, the X1 = unit ( MTQ) × The total volume ( 2) According to the weight computation, basic freight (X2 = unit 转) × Total gross weight take the larger a 2 X1, X2, there are three parts to the whole container FCL freight, and the cost of total freight = 3 parts. ( 1) Basic freight = unit freight & times; The whole case number ( 2) The port surcharge = unit surcharge & times; The whole case number ( 3) Fuel surcharge = unit fuel surcharge & times; The whole case number three, shipping LCL different 1 FCL cargo clearance procedures, exactly the FCL cargo export and import countries customs inspection, to start, the smallest unit of release, a batch of goods, as long as people of export and import of documents presented reasonable and lawful and intact, export customs and import customs after completed the formalities and collect relevant taxes and fees, will soon be clearance. LCL cargo there won't be so simple and quick. As long as the goods in the container documents they have one vote goods, export customs will not to release the goods. In the same container, any goods are not customs clearance, is bound to affect other goods export and transport in a timely manner. 2, LCL cargo is much less than the FCL cargo sources widely and flexibility, it need extra solicit and reasonable collocation some transport company of the loading port, destination port, delivery time, the variety, size, weight and so on various aspects of the conditions are suitable to export goods with into the same container. 3, in the general case, the whole case goods can be directly in the mainland port of shipment, and LCL cargo for mainland supply is relatively small, coastal sources more factors, only suitable for in the developed coastal port of delivery. Four, shipping logistics is to choose LCL or FCL LCL or FCL, it is according to the volume of items you want to check to determine, for 28 cubic meters minimum standard shipping container ark type, if you want to check the goods volume is less than 20 cubic meters, more profitable go LCL; If you want to check the goods more than 20 cubic meters, suggest you use full container transport. In addition, both LCL and FCL, charge is divided into three parts, the first paragraph is the ground of the port of shipment cost, the second paragraph is the freight, the third paragraph is the ground of the port of destination cost. One of the three basic relative regulations, and the second section of the freight, will be adjusted according to the shipping market. If is full container transport, this three cost is still open, clear can distinguish which is which piece dollars fee. If it is LCL, it is actually a proxy, integrating all LCL cargo owners of goods, and then in the name of the port of shipment to their own make the whole case with ship owners, port of destination to the goods in the name of their agent again, and then by their destination port agent for LCL cargo, the goods to the actual consignee. Domestic price is usually an offer freight, plus a handling fee. Operating costs are typically used to pay for relative provisions of the port, the freight is to pay the sea freight. The cost of the same foreign is also looking for the consignee to receive. And as LCL agent, he charged all the port of shipment handling fee, freight, and the total cost of the operation of the port of destination, must be more than they make the whole case with owner, the sum of the cost of this is they earn profits. After understand the above principle, it is easy to understand, if transported in the whole case as standard, the LCL compared advantage is if you're not a whole box of goods, in the form of LCL shipment, the cost will be reduced correspondingly. But if you in order to achieve a whole box of goods, but also on LCL transportation, is your overall cost is certainly higher than full container transportation. Why do you say 'comprehensive' cost here? Comprehensive cost means' port of shipment cost + freight cost + the port of destination, 'the sum of the three. And some customers, trade terms is the port of destination of all fees shall be paid by the consignee, if like this, like now, Japan and South Korea, southeast Asia LCL freight is how many, how much back, they can take the whole case goods send by LCL, so sometimes not only don't have to pay the freight, you can also get refund from the LCL agent, why not do it, but the wool is on sheep's body, the fee must have been checking through the port of destination charge, thus suffering the consignee.
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