I believe that freight forwarders know that customs declaration is a process, and inspection is an important means. So what is customs inspection? What about the content, methods, and results of the inspection? This editor has compiled several common questions about inspections for reference only.
Inspection is an important means of customs supervision. Customs declaration is only a procedure. The customs will conduct random random inspections and control inspections on some sensitive product names based on its own experience and policies at the time. Sometimes it will clearly indicate what information to verify on the control instructions. . During the inspection, the box will be opened to check whether it is consistent with the customs declaration information, such as product name, quantity, weight, declared value, etc., to confirm whether there is tax fraud, evasion of commodity inspection, and incorrect HS code classification.
What is customs inspection?
Customs inspections on import and export goods are divided into two types: computer control and manual control:
(1) Computer deployment control
1. The customs classifies import and export goods and sets risk parameters. The higher the risk parameter of import and export goods, the higher the probability of being controlled by the computer.
2. In some customs areas, most of the risk parameters of import and export goods are low, that is, random inspections are set up for import and export goods according to a certain probability.
(2) Manual deployment and control
1. When importing and exporting goods are declared or inspected and released, if the customs officer believes that the contents of the declaration form are unclear or have questions during the manual review of the form, they can manually issue the control instructions on the customs computer to check whether the goods are consistent with the order .
2. The Customs (including the Anti-Smuggling Bureau) has been subject to manual control and inspection due to the fact that certain import and export goods have violated laws and regulations, which has caused other enterprises to increase the risk parameters of the same or related goods imported and exported.
3. The customs (including the Anti-smuggling Bureau) receives the news (that is, reports) that there is a problem with certain imported and exported goods. When the goods are imported or exported, the customs officers will manually control or the Anti-smuggling Bureau will issue a notice of control and inspection to the customs on-site operators to inspect the goods.
4. The relationship between the enterprise and the customs is not good, and the imported and exported goods are subject to inspection.
Another situation is that the company has a record of violations of laws and regulations, and the credit rating of the customs is reduced to C or D. The goods imported and exported by the company are basically subject to computer or manual inspection.
(3) About the cost of inspection
There is a big misunderstanding here. The customs inspection fee refers to the cost incurred by the customs inspection, not the inspection fee charged by the customs. During the customs inspection, the customs will not charge a penny, but the owner and the agent must move the goods to the inspection site designated by the customs, and split the package according to the customs requirements. In this process, the use of terminal resources and labor costs will be incurred. To be borne by the guests themselves. There are many charging departments for the costs incurred due to inspections, and the settlement methods of freight forwarder
s or customs brokers and these charging departments are different. Some pay cash on the spot, and the charging department will issue a note indicating the cost of the goods, and some It is monthly settlement and there is no separate invoice. Therefore, the freight forwarder or the customs broker cannot show the customer the invoice of the inspection fee issued by the specific charging department, but can only list the various expenses. If the customer does not believe the cost of the freight forwarder or the customs broker, you can follow the specific charges. The department verifies the rate.
Composition of inspection fee: inspection fee, container removal fee, agency fee, Yangshan port delivery fee, miscellaneous fee, crane fee, weighing fee, short transfer fee, storage fee, unpacking fee, external management fee, sealing fee, etc. Etc.; customs inspections during the blocking period will incur a container retention fee; if the goods are too many and difficult to find, there will be a container clearing fee; the above fees are calculated based on the container type. In case of inspection and deduction, the cost of packing list and tally will be incurred; the post-processing of Yangshan, the return of the goods and the delivery of the goods will be charged according to the number of times to Yangshan. Since 2011, the Shanghai port area requires that every cabinet to be inspected needs to go to the tally company to change the tally (change the title after the inspection), 50/carton; there is an inspection notice for the outer port inspection, and Yangshan currently does not have an inspection notice. However, the bill of lading number, ship name and voyage number, box number and other information shown on the inspection invoice are used as proof.
(4) What is the difference between LCL and FCL
LCL inspection may be a headache for shippers, especially if the value of the goods is relatively small. Some shippers don’t understand. My goods value is only a few hundred dollars, less than 1 cubic meter. Why do I charge such an expensive inspection fee? . I'm really sorry for this. The inspection does not depend on the value of the goods. Sometimes LCL is combined with large cabinets and sometimes with small cabinets. The specific cost refers to the FCL, so sometimes LCL is only a few cubic meters, but the inspection fee is more than the FCL expensive.
(5) How does the customs conduct inspections
Usually the customs digger will dig out the container from the leftmost or rearmost side of the container, half is half, and the end is full; check the products declared on the customs declaration form one by one; a single product name is better to check; if there are more product names The goods are very miscellaneous, and the customs cannot find the name of the product. The owner needs to provide the packing location and box label information of the product or ask the owner to provide a detailed packing list. If none of the above information is provided, the entire cabinet needs to be emptied for inspection, which is very expensive.
(6) Are there any rules for inspection?
Although the inspections seem to be random inspections, they are actually somewhat regular. For example, the time for customs declaration should not be too late, especially on Friday afternoon. For example, the declaration elements must be detailed and clear, and the product name and HS code of the customs declaration materials must be unified. For example, according to the policy at that time, if the tax rebate for a certain product is adjusted at a specific time, the inspection rate for this product name may increase during this period, for fear of tax fraud. For example, during the holidays, the general inspection rate will increase.
(7) What should I do if the problematic goods are inspected?
Once the inspection notice is issued, the freight forwarder must notify the owner as soon as possible. If the declaration is truthfully declared, the inspection will be arranged normally; if there is a problem with the goods, it needs to be careful. The normal process is like this. The freight forwarder will be notified by the customs broker that the goods need to be inspected, but not immediately. With the help of the scheduling time, it is necessary to make it clear at this time what is wrong with the goods and whether other channels are needed to avoid deductions. goods.
Most customs brokers can solve the problem if the problem is not serious. As for the cost, the cost is definitely different in different situations. This fee is not the same as the inspection fee, because there is no invoice or receipt. It depends on the consignor's willingness to issue it. If you don't want it, follow the normal procedure. This requires the trust of the consignor and the forwarder. Following the normal procedure is to assume that the problem is found. The customs will ask the shipper to write a description, such as the HS code is wrong, why it was wrong, is it deliberately defrauding taxes, why the commodity inspection is not done, etc., sometimes it may just need to be renewed Classification or supplementary commodity inspection is fine; if the customs does not accept the explanation, it will follow the customs procedures to make corresponding transfers. If the circumstances are serious, go to the anti-smuggling department for processing.