Chemical shipping is an important part of the shipping market. Chemicals mainly include organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals and vegetable oils and animal fats. The types of organic chemicals mainly include ethylene, ethylene dichloride, vinyl chloride monomer, styrene monomer, ethylene glycol, cyanide, benzene, methyl tert-butyl ether, etc., accounting for about 46% of the chemical shipping volume ; The main types of inorganic chemical products are phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide, etc., which account for about 15% of the shipping volume of chemicals; vegetable oils and animal fats account for about 25% of the shipping volume of chemicals. In addition to the above categories of goods that need to be carried by chemical tankers, other large-volume chemicals include lubricants and syrups. The annual shipping volume of lubricants is about 6 million tons, and the shipping volume of syrups exceeds 700 annually. Million tons. China is a shipping country with great potential for the development of marine chemical transportation. With the rise of China's economy in the world, my country's chemical marine transportation will surely make a leap forward. Let’s take a look at what matters need to be paid attention to when shipping chemicals?
1. Understand the basic properties of chemicals
In order to safely carry out international shipping
of chemicals, it is necessary to have a detailed understanding of some basic properties of chemicals, such as toxicity, ignition point, volatility, etc., and specify them in relevant documents to facilitate the operator's packing, Loading, unloading and handling work.
2. Comply with dangerous goods transportation regulations and operate according to procedures
In the process of chemical transportation, special attention should be paid to related procedures and regulations. For example, some dangerous goods must be operated in accordance with relevant regulations for the transportation of dangerous goods. The packaging must be secure and the label must be attached. During the packing process, open flames and high temperatures should be avoided as much as possible, which can effectively prevent the explosion and volatilization of chemicals and protect the safety and health of personnel. When choosing a container, you also need to check the container specially. For example, whether there are cracks, or whether the door can be closed tightly, etc. Special attention should be paid to the international transportation of chemicals. All the goods must be put into the container, and there should be no situation where the door cannot be closed or cannot be sealed.
Common problems of chemical shipping:
1. What supporting documents are required for the export of chemicals by sea?
Generally, MSDS and shipping power of attorney are required. If it is dangerous goods, it is also necessary to provide dangerous goods packaging performance certificate, chemical research institute identification report, and normal customs declaration information.
2. Why do we need to provide MSDS when exporting dangerous goods and general chemicals by sea?
MSDS is an important document that conveys chemical hazard information. It briefly describes the hazards of a chemical to human health and the environment and provides information on the safe handling, storage and use of the chemical. The United States, Japan, European Union countries and other developed countries have generally established and implemented MSDS systems. According to the chemical management regulations of these countries, manufacturers of hazardous chemicals usually have to provide a safety data sheet for their products when they sell, transport or export their products.
At present, the foreign requirements for MSDS (SDS) have been extended to almost all chemicals. At this point, the chemicals exported to developed countries basically require MSDS (SDS) for smooth customs declaration. And some foreign buyers will require MSDS (SDS) of the goods, and some domestic foreign companies or joint ventures will also make this requirement.
Chemicals (not classified as dangerous goods) required information for export:
1. Before exporting, make a chemical inspection report (identification of cargo transportation conditions) to prove that the goods are not dangerous goods.
2. FCL-some ships require an appraisal, and some do not. In addition, a non-dangerous guarantee letter and a cargo MSDS must be issued, both of which are indispensable.
3. LCL-non-dangerous guarantee and cargo description (Chinese and English product name, molecular structure, appearance and use) are required.
Information required for the export of chemicals as dangerous goods:
1. Before exporting, you must make a copy of the identification result sheet (dangerous package certificate) for the transport packaging of outbound dangerous goods. Of course, MSDS is also required.
2, FCL-The above two documents are required to apply before booking, and wait for the owner to review. Generally, within 3-5 days, you can know whether the shipowner will accept it
this product. Hazardous goods bookings should be applied for 10 to 14 days in advance to give both the shipper and the forwarder ample time.
3. LCL-Dangerous package certificate and MSDS, weight and volume of cargo are also required before booking.