1. CE: The mark is a safety certification mark, regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. CE stands for CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE. All products affixed with the 'CE' mark can be sold in the EU member states without meeting the requirements of each member state, thus realizing the free circulation of goods within the EU member states.
2. ROHS: ROHS is the abbreviation of 'the Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment' (the Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment). RoHS lists six hazardous substances, including: lead Pb, cadmium Cd, mercury Hg, hexavalent chromium Cr6+, polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE, and polybrominated biphenyl PBB. The European Union began to implement RoHS on July 1, 2006. Electrical and electronic products that use or contain heavy metals and flame retardants such as polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE and polybrominated biphenyl PBB are not allowed to enter the EU market. ROHS targets all electrical and electronic products that may contain the above six hazardous substances in the production process and raw materials, mainly including:
White appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters, etc., black appliances, such as audio, video products, DVD, CD, TV receivers, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc.; electric tools, electric electronics Toys, medical electrical equipment.
Remark: When a customer asks if there is any rohs, he should ask him whether he wants finished rohs or raw material rohs. Some factories can't make finished rohs. The price of rohs is generally 10%-20% more expensive than ordinary products.
3. UL: UL is the abbreviation of Underwriter Laboratories Inc. in English. UL Safety Testing Institute is the most authoritative in the United States, and it is also the largest private organization engaged in safety testing and appraisal in the world. It is an independent, non-profit professional organization that conducts experiments for public safety. It uses scientific testing methods to study and determine whether various materials, devices, products, equipment, buildings, etc. are harmful to life and property and the degree of harm; to determine, compile and issue corresponding standards and help reduce and prevent life Data on property losses, while conducting fact-finding research business.
In short, it is mainly engaged in product safety certification and business safety certification business, and its ultimate goal is to obtain products with a fairly safe standard for the market, and to contribute to the guarantee of personal health and property safety. In terms of product safety certification as an effective means to eliminate technical barriers to international trade, UL also plays an active role in promoting the development of international trade. Remark: UL is not mandatory to enter the United States
4. FDA: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (Food and Drug Administration) referred to as FDA
The FDA is one of the executive agencies established by the U.S. government in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and the Department of Public Health (PHS). The FDA's responsibility is to ensure the safety of food, cosmetics, drugs, biological agents, medical equipment, and radiological products produced or imported in the United States. After the 'September 11' incident, people in the United States believed that it was necessary to effectively improve the safety of food supplies. After the US Congress passed the 'Public Health and Safety and Bioterrorism Prevention and Countermeasures Act of 2002' in June last year, it allocated US$500 million to authorize the FDA to formulate specific rules for the implementation of the Act. The regulation stipulates that the FDA will assign a special registration number to each registration applicant. Food exported to the United States by foreign institutions must be notified to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration 24 hours before arriving at a U.S. port, or they will be denied entry. , And be detained at the port of entry.
Remark: FDA only requires registration, not certification.
5. FCC: FCC (Federal Communications Commission, US Federal Communications Commission) was established by COMMUNICATIONACT in 1934 as an independent agency of the US government and directly responsible to Congress. The FCC coordinates domestic and international communications by controlling radio broadcasting, television, telecommunications, satellites and cables. Involving more than 50 states in the United States, Colombia and the United States, in order to ensure the safety of radio and wire communication products related to life and property, the FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology is responsible for the technical support of the committee and the equipment Recognition matters. Many radio application products, communication products and digital products require FCC approval to enter the US market.
The FCC committee investigates and studies the various stages of product safety in order to find the best way to solve the problem. At the same time, the FCC also includes the testing of radio devices and aircraft. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ---- manages the import and use of radio frequency devices, including computers, fax machines, electronic devices, radio receiving and transmission equipment, radio remote control toys, telephones, personal computers, and other products that may harm personal safety. If these products are to be exported to the United States, they must be tested and approved by a laboratory authorized by the government in accordance with FCC technical standards. Importers and customs agents must declare that each radio frequency device complies with FCC standards, that is, FCC license.
6. CCC: In accordance with China's WTO commitments and the principle of embodying national treatment, the state uses a uniform mark for compulsory product certification. The name of the new national compulsory certification mark is 'China Compulsory Certification', the English name is 'China Compulsory Certification', and the English abbreviation is 'CCC'. After the implementation of China's compulsory certification mark, it will gradually replace the original 'Great Wall' mark and 'CCIB' mark.
7. CSA: is the abbreviation of Canadian Standards Association (Canadian Standards Association). It was established in 1919 and is Canada's first non-profit organization dedicated to formulating industrial standards. Products such as electronics and electrical appliances sold in the North American market require safety certification. At present, CSA is the largest safety certification body in Canada and one of the most famous safety certification bodies in the world. It can provide safety certifications for all types of products in machinery, building materials, electrical appliances, computer equipment, office equipment, environmental protection, medical fire safety, sports and entertainment. CSA has provided certification services for thousands of manufacturers all over the world. Every year, hundreds of millions of products with the CSA mark are sold in the North American market.
8. DIN: Deutsches Institut fur Normung
DIN is the standardization authority in Germany and participates in international and regional non-governmental standardization organizations as a national standardization organization.
DIN joined the International Organization for Standardization in 1951. The German Electrotechnical Commission (DKE), jointly formed by DIN and the German Institute of Electrical Engineers (VDE), represents Germany in the International Electrotechnical Commission. DIN is still European Committee for Standardization, European Electrotechnical Standard
9. BSI: British Standards Institution British Standards Institution (BSI) is the world's earliest national standardization organization. It is not controlled by the government but has strong support from the government. BSI formulates and revises British Standards and promotes their implementation.
10. GB: Since the reform and opening up, my country has begun to implement a socialist market economy, and both the domestic market and international trade have developed rapidly. Many export companies in our country, because they do not understand the requirements of the certification systems of various countries, many export products cannot enter the international market, and the prices are far lower than similar products certified in their countries. Therefore, these companies have to spend precious foreign exchange every year to apply for foreign certification and issue inspection reports by foreign inspection agencies. In order to meet the needs of international trade, the country has gradually implemented an internationally accepted certification system. On May 7, 1991, the State Council promulgated the 'Regulations on Product Quality Certification of the People's Republic of China', and the State Bureau of Technical Supervision also issued some regulations to implement the 'Regulations' to ensure that the certification work is carried out in an orderly manner. Since its establishment in 1954, the China Electrical Products Certification Committee has been working hard to obtain international mutual recognition in order to serve the export of electrical products.
In June 1991, China Electrotechnical Product Certification Committee was accepted by the International Electrotechnical Commission's Electrotechnical Product Safety Certification Organization (iEcEE) Management Committee (Mc) as the national certification body that recognizes and issues CB certificates. The 9 subordinate testing stations are accepted as CB laboratories (certification body laboratories). As long as the company obtains the cB certificate and test report issued by the committee, the 30 member states in the IECEE-ccB system will recognize it. Basically, there is no need to send samples to the importing country for testing. This saves cost and time to obtain the country's certification certificate, which is extremely beneficial to export products.
11. EMC: With the development of electrical and electronic technology, household appliances have become increasingly popular and electronic, radio and television, post and telecommunications, and computer networks have become more and more developed. The electromagnetic environment has become increasingly complex and deteriorated, which makes the electromagnetic compatibility of electrical and electronic products (EMC The problems of electromagnetic interference (EMI and electromagnetic anti-EMS) have also received increasing attention from governments and manufacturers. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of electronic and electrical products is a very important quality indicator. It is not only related to the working reliability and safety of the product itself, but also may affect the normal operation of other equipment and systems. Protection of electromagnetic environment. The European Community government stipulates that from January 1, 1996, all electrical and electronic products must pass EMC certification and be affixed with the CE mark before they can be sold on the European Community market. This has caused widespread influence in the world, and governments of various countries have taken measures to implement mandatory management of the RMC performance of electrical and electronic products. Internationally influential, such as EU 89/336/EEC
12. PSE: It is a certification mark given by Japan JET (Japan Electrical Safety & Environment) for electronic and electrical products that comply with Japanese safety regulations. According to Japan's DENTORL Law (Electrical Device and Material Control Law), 498 products must pass safety certification to enter the Japanese market.
13. GS: GS mark is a safety certification mark issued by TUV and VDE authorized by the German Ministry of Labor. The GS mark is a safety mark accepted by European customers. Generally, GS certified products have higher unit prices and are more popular
14. ISO: International Organization for Standardization International Organization for Standardization is the world's largest non-governmental standardization organization, and it occupies a leading position in international standardization. ISO develops international standards. The main activities of ISO are to formulate international standards, coordinate standardization work worldwide, organize member states and technical committees to exchange information, and cooperate with other international organizations to jointly study related standardization issues.
15. HACCP: is the abbreviation of 'HazardAnalysisCriticalControlPoint', that is, hazard analysis and critical control point. The HACCP system is considered to be the best and most effective management system for controlling food safety and flavor quality.
The national standard GB/T15091-1994 'Basic Terminology of the Food Industry' defines HACCP as: a control method for producing (processing) safe food; analyzing raw materials, key production procedures and human factors affecting product safety to determine the processing process In the key links of the process, establish and improve monitoring procedures and monitoring standards, and adopt standardized corrective measures. The international standard CAC/RCP-1 'General Principles of Food Hygiene, 1997 Revised 3rd Edition' defines HACCP as a system for identifying, evaluating and controlling hazards that are essential to food safety.
16. GMP: is the abbreviation of Good Manufacturing Practice in English. The Chinese means 'Good Manufacturing Practice'. It is a kind of management that pays special attention to the implementation of food hygiene and safety in the production process.
Briefly speaking, GMP requires that food production enterprises should have good production equipment, reasonable production processes, perfect quality management and strict inspection systems to ensure that the quality of the final product (including food safety and hygiene) meets the requirements of regulations. The content stipulated by GMP is the most basic condition that food processing enterprises must meet.
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