What is the impact of 5g on the logistics industry?
On October 31, 2019, the three major operators announced a 5g commercial package, and officially launched a 5g commercial package on November 1, marking China's formal entry into the 5g commercial era. The 5g commercial not only brings convenience to people, but also has a great impact on the logistics industry. So, what is the impact of 5g on the logistics industry? Let's explore it together.
What is the impact of 5g on the logistics industry? Omnidirectional! Disruptive!
Image source: Internet
Industry experts believe that 5G technology will greatly increase the speed of information transmission, enable the Internet of Vehicles and the Internet of Things to achieve true cloud collaboration, real-time information processing, and push the logistics industry into the era of intelligent logistics with typical features of automation and networking.
In the face of what 'aggressive' 5G will bring to the logistics industry, Chen Jian, general manager of the logistics research and development center of Suning Technology Group, believes that 5G will bring 3 aspects to the logistics industry: First, low-latency network transmission Technology, so that information related to logistics operations can reach the equipment, operation, and management end more quickly, so that the end-to-end seamless connection; the second is the possibility of interconnecting everything, which is a big leap in IoT technology, and more comprehensive Environmental information will be obtained. The original logistics information is fragmented, and now it has formed a 'data chain' with more application value. The collection of three massive amounts of information, combined with more, wider, and more timely features, makes manual Intelligence has more entry points in the field of logistics, and really enables technology to empower the logistics industry.
The same phenomenon appears to Liu Jianxin, deputy secretary general of the Express Transport Branch of the China Communications Association: “From 2G to 3G to 4G era”, we have witnessed the explosion of consumer Internet from PC e-commerce to social e-commerce. The fission of the flow economy to the sharing economy, the efficient transfer of logistics operations, etc., and the opportunities for these bred businesses will be much lower than in the 5G era. It can be seen that 5G will bring a comprehensive and disruptive impact to the logistics industry.
1. Application of 5G in logistics industry
According to the current exploration of many enterprises, we can see that 5G will transform the traditional logistics industry from several aspects.
5G + logistics storage equipment. The traditional mechanical version of robotic equipment can no longer meet the needs of manufacturing, warehousing, and e-commerce users. It requires the ability of robots to organize and collaborate to meet flexible production, which has brought the robot's demand for cloudification. Cloud-based robots need to be connected to a cloud-based control center via a network, based on a platform with ultra-high computing power, and to perform real-time operational control of the manufacturing process through big data and artificial intelligence. 5G network is an ideal communication network for cloud-based robots, and it is the key to cloud-based robots. 5G slicing networks can provide end-to-end customized network support for cloud-based robot applications. Massive devices connected to 5G networks will also bring rich data resources to artificial intelligence systems.
5G + logistics tracking. Now, in the market environment where robots and humans interact, the tracking of personnel, transportation of high-end products, etc., due to high connection costs, has greatly limited the growth of this market. 5G is expected to provide additional advantages in terms of deep coverage, low power consumption and low cost, and as a 3GPP standard technology. The improvements provided by 5G will include optimizing logistics in a wide range of industries, improving worker safety and improving asset positioning and tracking efficiency, thereby minimizing costs. It will also expand capabilities to enable dynamic tracking of a wider range of goods in transit. As online shopping increases, asset tracking will become more important. In addition, the end-to-end integration of the virtual factory spans the entire life cycle of the product. To connect a wide range of sold goods, low-power, low-cost and wide-coverage networks are also required. Horizontal integration within or between companies The ubiquitous network is needed, and 5G networks can meet this kind of demand very well.
5G + unmanned delivery equipment: The delivery delivery robot itself is equipped with a large number of sensors, but domestic delivery robots still have many problems in key technologies such as computing, vision, and driving. The 5G network can guarantee the transmission of massive data, and can provide rich input for the construction of a three-dimensional smart city network. 5G can make powerful machine vision capabilities as convenient as the human eye. The anti-interference feature can make urban scenes with dense high-rise buildings and complicated electromagnetic environments no longer restricted to flying. At the same time, the signal radiation range of 5G base stations is more three-dimensional than 4G, and it can cover the airspace below 300 meters. Therefore, every 5G base station, including macro stations and micro stations, can become the necessary infrastructure carrier for low-altitude airspace management in the future, and become a low-altitude “road” and “signal light”.
Integration of 5G and intelligent connectivity
Intelligent connectivity is another broad prospect for the application of 5G in the logistics industry. As a brand new concept, intelligent connection will be a catalyst for accelerating the development of science and technology in the future, as well as serving as a new disruptive digital service. In the foreseeable future, AI will be able to analyze and convert data information collected by the Internet of Things (from machines, devices and sensors) into easy-to-understand languages, thereby presenting information in a more useful and meaningful way for users. This not only helps to improve decision-making, but also brings a personalized experience to users, which ultimately makes the interaction between people and the surrounding environment richer and more meaningful.
Specifically in the field of logistics, intelligent connection can improve the level of road safety and the efficiency of vehicle circulation, thereby making traffic more smooth and unobstructed. In the field of logistics, intelligent connectivity has great potential to improve the efficiency and flexibility of product delivery, making logistics faster and cheaper. This application is mainly reflected in three aspects.
1. Driving assistance and traffic monitoring system based on AI technology. With the low latency of 5G networks, rich real-time information can be collected and shared between road users and roadside infrastructure. For example, the location and speed of cars, bicycles and pedestrians on the road, weather and road conditions, traffic congestion and other road obstacles, etc ... Intelligent traffic monitoring systems and on-board computers based on AI technology will use this information to provide guidance to drivers . For example, helping drivers avoid accidents or dynamically planning the best route to their destination.
2. Self-driving cars. The combination of 5G and AI technology will eventually lead autonomous vehicles to mature and reliable. AI-based on-board computers will collect data from on-board sensors, roadside infrastructure units, and other vehicles (via 5G) to help cars identify the surrounding environment and be able to adapt to any emergencies. Autonomous driving will also lead a new model of 'Mobility-as-a-Service', which is similar to Uber but customized for public transportation in the era of autonomous driving. Because it can save a lot of time and money in training and paying drivers, this model will be more economical than current public and private transportation options.
3. Use unmanned transportation equipment to deliver the goods. 5G networks can support a large number of unmanned transportation equipment, whether they are flying in the air or running on the ground, such as unmanned robots and drones, and can allow operators to fine-tune their routes of action to avoid co-ordination with other unmanned Drive a vehicle, a roadside building, or a static obstacle into a collision. For example, drones are now a very promising, secure, and fast way to deliver goods. If the destination is located in a complex terrain or with congested roads, the advantages of drones are even more obvious. This approach is less expensive than current manual transport systems.
It is believed that under the new transformation of 5G network reconstruction and capacity upgrade, 5G technology will promote the fission development of the logistics industry and form a 5G ecosystem. At that time, the 5G logistics industry, which contains trillions of opportunities, will be triggered immediately.
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