The superior geographical position makes the South African port the largest shipping network in the African continent, with the most advanced equipment and the highest efficiency. South Africa has become a major international shipping country for dry bulk shipping and container shipping. The volume of bulk cargo such as iron ore, coal, automobiles, and grains has shown a sharp increase.
For many freight forwarding companies, it is very necessary to understand the ports of various countries. The South African port is a well-known port. So what are the specific South African ports and what are the main ports?
'S superior geographical position makes South Africa's ports the largest shipping network with the most advanced equipment and the highest efficiency on the African continent. South Africa has become a major international shipping country for dry bulk shipping and container shipping. The volume of bulk cargo such as iron ore, coal, automobiles, and grains has shown a sharp increase.
The main ports in South Africa have the following
1. Durban Port
Durban is located on the shore of the Indian Ocean in the east of South Africa, 271 nautical miles to the north of Maputo Port, 256 nautical miles to the east of London Port, and 155 nautical miles to the east of Port Louis. The port is located in a natural harbor in the southwest of the city. The mouth of the bay is only more than 300 meters, the water depth is 12.8 meters, and the length and width of the bay is 4 × 5 kilometers, which looks like a gourd. There are two major jetties facing north and south in the bay, making the bay divided into an inner port and an outer port. There are 60 berths in Hong Kong, most of which are deep-water berths. There are already 7 container berths, making it one of the most modern deep-water ports in Africa.
Second, Port Elizabeth
Port Elizabeth is located on the southwest coast of the Algoa Bay on the southeastern coast of South Africa, bordering the southwestern side of the Indian Ocean. It is one of the main ports in South Africa. Founded in 1799, it is the largest wool trading market in South Africa. The port has a sub-tropical Mediterranean climate, prevailing westerly winds and east-southeast winds. The average annual temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius. The annual average rainfall is about 800mm, and the average tide height: ** is 1.8m, and the low tide is 0.2m. The loading and unloading equipment includes various shore cranes, container cranes, electric cranes, ore-loaders, straddle carriers and tugboats, among which container cranes have a maximum lifting capacity of 40 tons, and a 203.2mm diameter oil pipeline for loading and unloading. The port area has an ore storage yard capacity of 350,000 tons, a container yard area of ??220,000 square meters, and a warehouse and cargo shed area of ??44,000 square meters. The pier has a maximum reliable length of 251m and a ship with a draft of 11.6m. Loading and unloading efficiency: 1500 tons of ore per hour and 1,000 tons of groceries per hour. In 1994, the container throughput reached 115,000 TEU, an increase of 20% over 1993, and the annual cargo throughput capacity reached 10 million tons.
3. Cape Town
Cape Town is located in southwestern South Africa, north of the Cape of Good Hope, and close to TABLE BAY on the southern shore of the Atlantic Ocean. It is 790 nautical miles from Durban Port in the east, 2280 nautical miles from Port Louis, 712 nautical miles from Walvis Port in the northwest, and 3600 nautical miles from Port Dakar. The port has three large port basins, which are open to the northwest half, and each has its own entrance and exit. The western part is the Victoria Harbour Basin area, which is small in area and shallow in water. Only 5 of the 24 berths allow 10,000-ton ships to be docked, mainly used for passenger ships. The central part is the Duncan port pool area. There are 20 berths with a depth of 10.48-13.78 meters along the border and the eastern embankment. The southeast, southwest and west banks of the bank are accessible by rail, which is the main freight port. To the northeast is a newly developed port pool, with eight berths of 10.48-13.78 meters deep. Of the more than 50 berths in Hong Kong, 33 have a water depth of more than 8.8 meters. The port is the largest passenger port in South Africa and one of the main gateways for trade between South Africa and Europe.
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