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Shipping document circulation process-freight

by:VIPUTRANS     2020-05-22
Shipment document (handled by the shipper) After the shipper completes the consignment note (including the consignment note, loading order, receipt, etc.), the consignor will handle the consignment with the carrier ’s agent. The name of the ship is filled in the consignment note, the consignment note is kept, and the other consignment is returned to the shipper, and the shipper can go to the customs to go through the customs declaration formalities From the consignment of the consignor to the consignee's picking up of the consignment, the main shipping document circulation procedures are as follows: 1. Shipment document (handled by the shipper) After the shipper completes the consignment note (including the consignment note, loading order, receipt, etc.), the consignor will handle the consignment with the carrier ’s agent. After the agent accepts the carrier, Fill in the name of the ship in the combined form, keep the consignment note, and return the consignor with the other combination. The shipper can then go to the customs to go through the customs declaration formalities; After the customs approves the release, it will affix a release stamp on the loading order, so that the shipper can ship to the port warehouse or directly ship the ship; and then send the loading and receiving order to the tally company. After the goods are loaded on the ship, the first officer keeps the loading order and signs the receipt; the tally company returns the receipt to the shipper, and the shipper exchanges the bill of lading with the agent for the bill of lading. Wait for the bank to settle the foreign exchange with the bill of lading and send the bill of lading to the consignee. Shipping documents The shipping agent's agent handled by the carrier fills in the loading list and the loading list according to the consignment note, and prepares the cargo stowage plan according to the loading list according to the carrier's requirements. After reviewing and signing, the ship keeps one copy and provides it to the agent, and forwards it to the carrier ’s unloading port agent; compiles the manifest; the agent revises the cargo list according to the actual situation of the shipment and the signature of the chief officer After that, go through customs departure formalities with the customs; fill in the freight list based on the cargo list and send it to the carrier ’s unloading port agent and shipping company. 2. Ship unloading document (handled by the consignee) After receiving the original bill of lading, the consignee exchanges the bill of lading with the agent of the carrier; after the agent issues the bill of lading, the original bill of lading, manifest and bill of lading must be kept Consistent; the consignee goes to the port warehouse or ship to pick up the goods after clearing the goods with the bill of lading; after the goods are cleared, the bill of lading is kept in the port warehouse for reference; the consignee's actual receipt of the goods is less than the bill of lading or damage At that time, it is necessary to obtain a cargo short-form or cargo damage order and rely on the agent to claim compensation from the carrier. After receiving the manifest, cargo stowage plan and subdivision manifest, the agent of the carrier who unloads the vessel ’s unloading document shall go through customs entry formalities for the ship ’s cargo and issue an arrival notice to the consignee. The certificate shall be distributed to the port, tally and other units; after the ship arrives at the port, the tally company shall tally the cargo with the manifest and guide the unloading with the cargo stowage plan. The bill, provided by the chief officer, is provided to the relevant unit. 3. Circulation procedures for loading and unloading freight documents. The shipper goes through the consignment procedures with the agency: 1 After the agent company agrees to the shipment, it issues a loading order (S / O) and asks the shipper to deliver the goods to the designated shipping location. 2 The shipper sends the loading order and the second order (receipt order) issued by the agent company to the customs for export declaration formalities. Then, the loading order and receipt are sent to the tally company. 3 The agent company compiles the loading list (L / L) to ship based on the S / O stay bottom. 4 The chief officer on board prepares the cargo stowage plan (C / P) according to the L / L and delivers it to the agency company to distribute the tally, loading and unloading company, etc. to ship as planned. 5 The shipper sends the goods to the dock warehouse, during which commodity inspection and customs come to the port for inspection and inspection. 6 After the cargo is loaded on the ship, the tally team leader will check the S / O and the receipt (after the M / R vice president of the Jiaotong University has checked it correctly), leaving the S / O and issue the receipt. 7 The tally leader will deliver the M / R issued by the first officer to the shipper. 8 The shipper takes the M / R to the agency to pay the freight (in the case of pre-shipment) to extract the bill of lading (B / L). 9 After the agent company has checked, the M / R is left and the B / L is issued to the shipper. 10 The shipper takes B / L to the negotiating bank for settlement, and the negotiating bank mails the B / L to the issuing bank. 11 The agent company compiles the export cargo list (M / F), goes through customs export formalities with the customs, and delivers the M / F to the ship. 12 The agency company prepares a list of export freight charges (F / M) based on the B / L copy, and sends it to the shipping company with the B / L copy, and mails or delivers the ship to the agent company at the port of discharge. 13 After receiving the ship's arrival telegram, the agency at the port of discharge notifies the consignee of the ship's arrival date. 14 The consignee went to the bank to pay off the goods and get back the B / L. 15 The unloading port agent company prepares the unloading documents such as the import cargo list based on the freight documents sent by the loading port agent company, agrees to the unloading company, and contacts the berth, 16 Make preparations for unloading. 17 The unloading port agency handles the customs declaration formalities for ship import. 18 After the consignee has paid the fees payable to the agent at the unloading port, the original bill of lading is exchanged for the bill of lading (D / O). 19 Consignee holds D / O to send to customs for customs declaration. 20 Consignee takes D / O to pick up the goods at the terminal warehouse.
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