freight forwarding, 'is the intermediary, broker and transport organizer between the cargo owner and the carrier.' In China, international freight forwarding refers to a new industry, 'is a symbiosis between international trade and international cargo transportation. Industry 'or' Edge Industry '.
(1) Collecting goods
In the fiercely competitive freight forwarding business, most freight forwarders use advertising, quality services, etc. to obtain more sources of goods, and also use means such as reducing freight rates or rebates, secret deductions with different names, etc. There are temporary or long-term agency agreements between large freight forwarders and liner companies and consignors, which can not only ensure the interests of liner companies, but also ensure that the goods can be shipped out in time.
Generally, the shipper declares the plan to the shipping company or freight forwarder in advance, and submits a specific booking manifest to the shipping company or freight forwarder within a specified time.
(3) Preparations before shipment
Under normal circumstances, according to the booking entrustment, the shipping company will drive the designated ship to the designated port for loading within the designated time. -Before the ship arrives at the port, the freight forwarder must make the following preparations for shipment.
① Compile all the booking consignment notes for different ports and write the bill of lading number, write the name of the ship, and compile a shipping list based on the contents of the booking consignment note and prepare a clean bill of lading.
② Submit the booking consignment note together with the bill of lading to the shipping agent to sign the order, so that the shipping agent can timely fix the shipping list and draw a sketch of the stowage plan.
③Freight forwarders should gather all goods in the port before loading the ship or before the ship arrives at the port, so that the ship can be shipped to the port.
④Freight forwarders should report to the customs with a full set of customs declaration documents (including customs declarations, warehouse receipts or packing lists and required official certificates, such as permits, commodity inspection certificates, immunization certificates, etc.) before shipment. Can be shipped.
⑤The ship arriving at the port must be suitable for the shipment of goods. Under special circumstances, you should apply to the commodity inspection department to inspect the ship and issue a certificate of suitable shipment.
The freight forwarder should send someone to do the on-site monitoring and loading work when loading the ship, make on-site records, master the progress, and handle the accidents in time to protect the interests of the cargo owner and ensure the quality of the shipment.
(5) Rehabilitation work after the ship leaves port
After the ship leaves the port, the freight forwarder should do the following aftercare work.
① Send bill of lading. The freight forwarder will exchange the clean bill of lading with the mate's receipt at the shipping agency and promptly send the bill of lading to the consignor to ensure timely settlement of foreign exchange.
② Handle the goods with customs clearance, short loading and missing loading. If the goods are not sent in time or cannot be declared due to uneven documents, a customs clearance is required. In the case of batches, part of the cargo has been loaded on the ship, and some of the goods have not been able to be loaded on the ship due to shortage or damage, which is called short loading; The failure to load the whole box of cargo on the ship is called miss loading.
After the ship leaves the port, the freight forwarder shall promptly issue the notice of withdrawal and short-loading to the shipper so that the shipper can deal with it in a timely manner. For the goods that need to be re-shipped, the consignor should re-subscribe for the check-in and booking; if the cargo is missing, the earliest voyage should be arranged to be re-issued.
③Take the telegraph. The ship should send a telegram of departure to the consignee immediately after leaving the port. The contents of the telegram include the letter of credit or contract number, gross weight, net weight, amount, product name, ship name, shipment date, sailing date, etc., so that the consignee is ready to pick up the goods.
④ Make a summary of the voyage. The freight forwarder should make a summary of the voyage in time after the ship leaves the port for future reference.
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