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International air transport-how to define heavy

by:VIPUTRANS     2020-09-05
Throwing goods is also called soaking goods, and in popular terms is light goods. If the volume/0.006 is greater than the weight, it will be considered as a bubble.



A: Actual weight
B: Volume weight = length * width * height / 6000CM
If A>B, then it’s not buying goods, otherwise it’s buying goods



(1) From the perspective of ship stowage and stowage, any cargo with a cargo stowage factor less than the ship's cargo volume factor is called deadweight cargo or heavy goods; cargo with a cargo stowage factor greater than the ship's cargo volume factor , Known as light bubble goods, also known as light goods (measurement cargo or light goods).
  
(2) From the perspective of calculating freight rates, and in accordance with international shipping business practices, any cargo with a cargo stowage factor less than 1.1328 cubic meters/ton or 40 cubic feet/ton is called heavy cargo; where the cargo stowage factor is greater than 1.1328 cubic meters The cargo of meters/ton or 40 cubic feet/ton is called light foam cargo. Heavy goods and light goods have a great relationship with stowage, transportation, storage and billing. Therefore, the transportation department must divide heavy goods and light foam goods according to certain standards. my country's current regulations: Any cargo with a weight of more than 1 ton per cubic meter is considered as heavy cargo; cargo with less than 1 ton is considered as light foam cargo.
  
Heavy cargo dumping refers to the ratio of weight to volume. If the cargo is heavy and small in size, it is considered heavy cargo steel; if the cargo is large in size and light in cargo, it means dumping cotton. Generally speaking, 1 cubic cargo '166kg is considered as heavy cargo, based on this point. Throwing/bubbling goods refers to goods whose volume converted weight is greater than the actual weight, such as wooden chairs, plastic products, cotton, sponges, etc. Throwing/bubbling weight is the volume weight of the goods. Volumetric weight is a uniform charging regulation in the transportation industry, which is to calculate the weight of the goods obtained by the conversion formula of the volume of the goods.







Volume weight = length cm * width cm * height cm/6000
  When the converted weight of the cargo volume is greater than the actual weight of the cargo

Generally calculated by volume weight
  When the converted weight of the cargo volume is less than the actual weight of the cargo

Will be calculated based on actual weight



How to distinguish and define heavy cargo by air and ocean freight?



Air freight is the cubic number of the cargo/0.006. The calculated number is greater than the weight of the cargo, and the dropped cargo is less than the heavy cargo.



For air freight, for example:


The volume of your goods is 1CBM, then the corresponding weight is 166.67KG, if the actual volume is less than 166.67, then it is a dumping, otherwise, more than 166.67, then it is not a dumping. For heavy goods, there is no data to compare the ratio, unless the weight is very large and the volume is small, so small will enjoy the special price of heavy goods.  


Air freight: heavy cargo refers to cargo exceeding 1 kilogram per 6000 cubic centimeters; dumping refers to cargo not exceeding 1 kilogram per 6000 cubic centimeters.







Air freight: heavy cargo refers to a single piece of cargo larger than 150 kg



Shipping: Heavy cargo refers to a single piece of cargo larger than 6 tons. In terms of air transport, if 1 cubic meter of cargo is more than 166.67 kg, it is considered heavy, and the billing is based on the actual weight of the cargo.
  
It is calculated by 1/0.006. If 1 cubic of goods is less than 166.67 kg, it is considered to be discarded, and the chargeableweight is charged according to the cubic. The general ratio of light to heavy cargo is 1:1 for shipping. That is, if a cube is larger than 1 ton, it is heavy cargo, and less than 1 ton is light cargo. However, for the inland United States, the weight is 1:363 kg, and 1 cubic meter over 363 is heavy.
  
Let's talk about the identification of light and heavy cargo of LCL. Many ports have different ratios, and they will also change due to different seasons (low season and peak season). I will say a more convenient identification method:



Cubic number * light cargo ocean freight-tons * heavy cargo ocean freight
If it is a positive number, then this is a bubble cargo, otherwise, if it is a negative number, the cargo is heavy.



1. The seaborne LCL is based on the density of water 1000KGS/1CBM. The weight of the cargo is compared to the cubic number by ton. If it is greater than 1 is heavy cargo, and less than 1 is soaked cargo, but now many voyages are limited in weight, so the ratio is adjusted to about 1 ton/1.5CBM.



2. Air freight is based on the ratio of 1000 to 6, which is equivalent to 1CBM=166.6KGS. If 1CBM exceeds 166.6, it is heavy cargo, on the contrary it is bubble cargo. There is another, because of the weight limitation of American highways, the ratio of LCL to the inland points of the United States is more difficult to calculate than the above two.
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