English abbreviations for international container transportation
Since the container is a new modern transportation method, it is different from traditional cargo transportation and its methods are different. At present, there is no effective and universally accepted uniform method for container transportation in the world. However, in dealing with specific container business, countries generally have similar practices. According to the current international common practices for container business, the brief introduction is as follows: 1. Container cargo packing methods can be divided into FCL and LCL according to the quantity and method of container cargo packing. (1) FCL (FullContainerLoad, FCL). It refers to the container that the cargo party consigns after the cargo party fills the whole container by itself. This situation is usually adopted when the cargo owner has enough cargo sources to load one or several full containers. Except for some large cargo owners who have their own containers, they usually rent certain containers from the carrier or container leasing company. After the empty container is transported to the factory or warehouse, under the supervision of customs officers, the owner puts the goods into the container, locks, and aluminum seals, then delivers it to the carrier and obtains the station receipt, and finally exchanges the receipt for the bill of lading or waybill. (2) LCL (LessThanContainerLoad, LCL). It means that after the carrier (or agent) accepts the cargo consignment by the owner of the small ticket shipment that is less than the whole box, it is sorted according to the nature of the cargo and the destination. Consolidate the goods to the same destination into a certain number and pack them into boxes. Because there are different cargo owners in a box assembled together, it is called LCL. This situation is used when the consignor’s consignment is insufficient to fill the entire container. The classification, sorting, concentration, packing (unpacking) and delivery of LCL cargo are all carried out at the carrier's terminal container freight station or inland container transfer station. 2. As mentioned above, container freight is divided into FCL and LCL. Therefore, the transfer methods are also different. Looking at the current international practices, there are roughly the following four categories: (1) FCL, FCL/FCL delivery (FCL/FCL) The shipper delivers the full container to the carrier at the factory or warehouse, and the consignee receives the same FCL at the destination. In other words, the carrier is responsible for the delivery of the full container. . The packing and unpacking of the goods are the responsibility of the cargo owner. (2) LCL delivery and unpacking (LCL/LCL) consignees hand over the small-ticket consignment that is less than the entire container to the carrier at the container freight station or inland transfer station, and the carrier is responsible for the consolidation and packing (Stuffing) , Vanning) transported to the destination cargo station or inland transfer station, the carrier is responsible for unstuffing (Unstuffing, Devantting), after unpacking, the consignee receives the goods by voucher. The packing and unpacking of the goods are the responsibility of the carrier. (3) FCL delivery, unpacking and receiving (FCL/LCL) The consignor delivers the full FCL to the carrier at the factory or warehouse, and the carrier is responsible for demolition at the destination container freight station or inland transfer station After the box, each consignee will receive the goods by voucher. (4) LCL delivery, LCL/FCL delivery (LCL/FCL), the consignor will hand over the consignment of less than FCL to the carrier at the container freight station or inland transfer station. The carrier classifies and adjusts the goods of the same consignee and assembles them into full containers. After they are shipped to the destination, the carrier delivers them in full containers and the consignee receives them in full containers. Among the various transfer methods mentioned above, the FCL transfer and FCL transfer have the best effect, and can also give full play to the advantages of the container. 3. Container cargo delivery point The delivery of container cargo is generally divided into different delivery points according to the terms of trade: (1) Door to door (DoortoDoor): from the shipper’s factory or warehouse to the consignee’s factory or warehouse; (2) Door to site (DoortoCY): from the shipper’s factory or warehouse to the destination or unloading port of the container yard; (3) Door to station (DoortoCFS): from the shipper’s factory or warehouse to the destination or unloading port Container freight station; (4) Field-to-door (CYtoDoor): from the container yard at the place of departure or packing port to the consignee’s factory or warehouse; (5) Field-to-site (CYtoCY): from the place of departure or packing port Container yard from yard to destination or unloading port; (6) CYtoCFS: From the container yard at the place of departure or loading port to the container freight station at the destination or unloading port. (7) Station to door (CFStoDOor): from the container freight station at the place of departure or packing port to the consignee’s factory or warehouse; (8) Station to the scene (CFStoCY): from the container freight station at the place of departure or packing port to The container yard at the destination or unloading port; (9) Station-to-station (CFStoCFS): From the container freight station at the place of departure or loading port to the container freight station at the destination or unloading port. The above nine handover methods can be further summarized into the following four methods: (1) Door-to-door: The characteristic of this transportation method is that in the entire transportation process, it is completely containerized and there is no cargo transportation, so it is most suitable for FCL delivery, FCL pick up. (2) Door-to-site station: This mode of transportation is characterized by container transportation from door to station, and cargo transportation from station to door, so it is suitable for FCL delivery and unpacking. (3) Station-to-door: This mode of transportation is characterized by cargo transportation from door to station and container transportation from station to door, so it is suitable for LCL delivery and FCL. (4) Depot to Depot: The characteristic of this transportation method is that, except for the container transportation in the middle section, the inland transportation at both ends is cargo transportation, so it is suitable for LCL delivery and unpacking.
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