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Classification of chemical industry, what are

by:VIPUTRANS     2020-09-04
The chemical industry is the general term for enterprises and units engaged in the production and development of the chemical industry. The chemical industry penetrates all aspects and is an indispensable and important part of the national economy. Its development is to take the road of sustainable development and has important practical significance for human economic and social development.

Overview

The chemical industry occupies an important position in the national economy of various countries, and is the basic industry and pillar industry of many countries. The development speed and scale of the chemical industry have a direct impact on all sectors of the social economy. The annual output value of chemical products in the world has exceeded US$1.5 trillion. The chemical industry is a major polluter due to its diverse categories, complex processes, and diverse products, as well as many types, large quantities, and high toxicity of pollutants emitted during production. At the same time, chemical products may produce large amounts of toxic substances in various links such as processing, storage, use and waste disposal, which affect the ecological environment and endanger human health. The sustainable development of the chemical industry has important practical significance for human economic and social development.

definition

Phrase: chemical industry;

Pinyin: huàōnháng yè;

The chemical industry includes departments such as chemical industry, oil refining, metallurgy, energy, light industry, petrochemical, environment, medicine, environmental protection and military industry, which are engaged in engineering design, fine and daily chemical industry, energy and power, technology development, production technology management and scientific research. Industry.

Category

We divide the chemical industry into three categories: petrochemicals, basic chemicals, and chemical fiber.

Among them, basic chemicals are divided into nine categories: fertilizers, organic products, inorganic products, chlor-alkali, fine and special chemicals, pesticides, daily chemicals, plastic products and rubber products.

Raw material classification

Inorganic chemical raw materials

Simple substances, industrial gases, inorganic bases, inorganic acids, inorganic salts, oxides, non-metallic minerals, and other unclassified inorganic chemical raw materials.

Chemical ore, sulphur ore, potash ore, phosphorite, boron ore, and other chemical ore.

Organic chemical raw materials

Alkanes and derivatives, alkenes and derivatives, alkynes and derivatives; alcohols, acids, aldehydes, ketones, lipids, ethers, sulfones, amines; carbohydrates, carboxylic acids and derivatives, Quinones, aromatic hydrocarbons and derivatives, acid anhydrides.

Organic intermediates, heterocycles, nitro compounds, halides, and other unclassified organic chemical raw materials.

Plastic raw materials

General plastics: polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, polystyrene.

Engineering plastics: polyphenylene ether, polyphenylene sulfide, polyoxymethylene, polyetherimide, polycarbonate, polycarbonate polymer, polyamide, polyester resin, thermoplastic elastomer, color masterbatch recycled materials, other unclassified Plastic raw materials.

Rubber raw materials

Rubber material: natural rubber.

Synthetic rubber: styrene butadiene rubber, butadiene rubber, nitrile butadiene rubber, ethylene propylene rubber, reclaimed rubber, rubber accessories, butyl rubber, neoprene rubber, isoprene rubber SBS, other unclassified rubber raw materials.

Resin

Resins: natural resins, epoxy resins, phenolic resins, acrylic resins, unsaturated polyester resins, ion exchange resins, amino resins, silicone resins, and other unclassified resins.

Petroleum and products

Crude oil, fuel oil, lubricating grease, solvent oil, petroleum coke, paraffin, asphalt, refined oil, petroleum products, oil additives, gas petroleum products.

Chemical additives

Coating additives, water treatment chemicals, information chemicals, electronics industry additives, papermaking additives.

Rubber additives: antioxidants, vulcanizing agents, accelerators, anti-scorching agents, dispersants, and other rubber additives.

Plastic additives

Flame retardant, heat stabilizer, light stabilizer, antioxidant, coloring agent, fluorescent brightener, foaming agent, crosslinking agent, coupling agent, antistatic agent, lubricant, mold release agent, dripping agent , Antifungal agent, curing agent and curing accelerator, plasticizer.

Leather additives

Textile, printing and dyeing auxiliaries, adsorbents, surfactants, emulsifiers, foaming agents, metal processing auxiliaries, and other unclassified chemical auxiliaries.

Food additives

Acidity regulators, antioxidants, bleaches, colorants, anticaking agents, defoamers, color retention agents, enzyme preparations, emulsifiers, leavening agents, flavor enhancers, preservatives, sweeteners, thickeners, Water retention agent, nutrition enhancer, other unclassified food additives.

Feed additives

Nutritional additives, non-nutritive additives, amino acids, minerals, vitamins, antibiotics, antibiotics, enzyme preparations, antioxidants, antifungal agents, other unclassified feed additives Chemical reagents: ethanol acetone potassium permanganate.

catalyst

Special catalysts, catalyst carriers, and other unclassified catalysts.

glass

Deep-processed glass, ordinary glass, architectural glass, special glass, and other unclassified glass.

fertilizer

Ammonia fertilizer, potash fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, compound fertilizer, biological fertilizer, trace element fertilizer, bacterial fertilizer, pesticide fertilizer, plant growth regulator, other unclassified fertilizers.

pesticide

Herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, rodenticides, mixed formulations, biological pesticides, and other unclassified pesticides.

Synthetic drugs

Anti-infectives, antipyretic analgesics, vitamin drugs, antiparasitic drugs, hormone drugs and endocrine system drugs, antitumor drugs, cardiovascular system drugs, respiratory system drugs, central nervous system drugs, digestive system drugs , Urinary system medications, fluid system medications, water-electrolyte and acid-base balance drugs, surgical anesthetics, antihistamines and antidote, biochemical drugs, disinfection and antiseptics, and trauma surgery drugs, ENT drugs, dermatology drugs, diagnostic drugs , Nourishing nutritional drugs, radioactive analytes raw materials, preparations and additives, and other chemical raw materials.

Biochemical

Ceramics, laboratory supplies, pyrotechnic products, other polymers.

plastic products

Plastic films, plastic sheets, knots, rods, plastic tubes, profiles, plastic containers, automotive plastics, electronic plastics, industrial and agricultural plastic products, plastic building materials, plastic crafts, household plastic products, plastic packaging supplies, other unclassified plastics Products.

rubber products

Tires, rubber belts, rubber tubes, agricultural rubber (latex) rubber products, industrial rubber (latex) rubber products, cultural and educational rubber (latex) rubber products, medical rubber (latex) rubber products, household rubber (latex) rubber products , Sealing ring, other unclassified.

Daily chemicals

Perfume cosmetic raw materials, color cosmetics, skin care products, oral products, hair products, bath products, soap, washing, cleaning agents, fragrances, deodorants, insect repellents, other unclassified daily chemicals.

Polyurethane

Polyurethane raw materials, PU products, other unclassified polyurethanes.

adhesive

Inorganic adhesives, natural adhesives, synthetic adhesives, polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl acetate adhesives, polyurethane adhesives, hot melt adhesives, resin adhesives and acrylic ester adhesives, inorganic adhesives, rubber adhesives, phenolic, urea-formaldehyde, melamine adhesives, other Classification of adhesives.

Chemical Fiber

Chips, polyester, nylon, acrylic, spandex, polypropylene, vinylon; acetate fiber, viscose fiber, polyester fiber, functional fiber, man-made fiber, other undivided chemical fibers.

dye

Direct dyes, disperse dyes, reactive dyes, acid dyes, cationic dyes, fiber dyes, leather dyes, pigment printing pastes, dyes for motion picture film, and other unclassified dyes.

coating

Architectural coatings, automotive coatings, marine coatings, furniture coatings, anti-corrosion coatings, wood coatings, water-based, powder coatings, general-purpose coatings, ink paints, special coatings, and other unclassified coatings.

pigment

Inorganic pigments, organic pigments, and other unclassified pigments.

Spices, flavors

Natural fragrances, synthetic fragrances, edible fragrances, daily fragrances, other unclassified fragrances.
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