Products made in China need to be exported to other countries around the world, and they usually have to meet local safety certification standards before they can be sold in the region. Because each country has its own national conditions, different geographical environments, ethnic cultures, living habits and national protection awareness, this has prompted most countries to formulate a set of product standards suitable for their national conditions to protect their citizens. Safety and environment. In this way, as long as the products are exported to different countries, the standard requirements are different. Therefore, a third-party testing agency has emerged to conduct product testing and certification in a fair, authoritative and objective way to evaluate whether the exporting country meets the standard requirements.
Do you know which safety certifications your products need to pass in other countries? What do these certification marks mean? Let's take a look at the various internationally renowned certification marks and their meanings in the current global mainstream, and see that your product has passed the following certifications.
1. CE: The mark is a safety certification mark, regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. CE stands for CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE. All products affixed with the 'CE' mark can be sold in the EU member states without meeting the requirements of each member state, thus realizing the free circulation of goods within the EU member states.
2. ROHS: RoHS is the abbreviation of 'the Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment' (the Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment). RoHS lists six hazardous substances, including: lead Pb, cadmium Cd, mercury Hg, hexavalent chromium Cr6+, polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE, and polybrominated biphenyl PBB. The European Union began to implement RoHS on July 1, 2006. Electrical and electronic products that use or contain heavy metals and flame retardants such as polybrominated diphenyl ether PBDE and polybrominated biphenyl PBB are not allowed to enter the EU market. RoHS targets all electrical and electronic products that may contain the above six hazardous substances in the production process and raw materials, mainly including: white home appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, microwave ovens, air conditioners, vacuum cleaners, water heaters, etc., and black home appliances, such as audio and video products , DVD, CD, TV receiver, IT products, digital products, communication products, etc.; power tools, electric electronic toys, medical electrical equipment.
When a customer asks if there is any rohs, he should ask him whether he wants finished rohs or raw material rohs. Some factories cannot make finished rohs. The price of rohs containing rohs is generally about 10%-20% higher than that of ordinary products.
3. REACH: REACH is the abbreviation of the EU regulations 'REGULATION concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals' (REGULATION concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals), established by the European Union, and started on June 1, 2007 Implemented chemical regulatory system. This is a regulatory proposal concerning the safety of chemical production, trade, and use. The regulation aims to protect human health and environmental safety, maintain and improve the competitiveness of the EU chemical industry, and develop innovative capabilities for non-toxic and harmless compounds. The REACH Directive requires that all chemicals imported and produced in Europe must go through a comprehensive set of procedures such as registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction, in order to better and more simply identify the chemical components to achieve the purpose of ensuring environmental and human safety. The directive mainly includes registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction and other major items. Any product must have a registration file that lists the chemical ingredients, and explain how the manufacturer uses these chemical ingredients and the toxicity assessment report. All information will be entered into a database under construction, which will be managed by a new EU agency, the European Chemical Agency, located in Helsinki, Finland.
4. ISO: International Organization for Standardization International Organization for Standardization is the world's largest non-governmental standardization organization, and it occupies a leading position in international standardization. ISO develops international standards. The main activities of ISO are to formulate international standards, coordinate standardization work worldwide, organize member states and technical committees to exchange information, and cooperate with other international organizations to jointly study related standardization issues.
5. UL: UL is the abbreviation of Underwriter Laboratories Inc. in English. UL Safety Testing Institute is the most authoritative in the United States, and it is also the largest private organization engaged in safety testing and appraisal in the world. It is an independent, non-profit professional organization that conducts experiments for public safety. It uses scientific testing methods to study and determine whether various materials, devices, products, equipment, buildings, etc. are harmful to life and property and the degree of harm; to determine, compile and issue corresponding standards and help reduce and prevent life Data on property losses, while conducting fact-finding research business. In short, it is mainly engaged in product safety certification and operating safety certification business. Its ultimate goal is to obtain products with a fairly safe standard for the market and contribute to the guarantee of personal health and property safety. In terms of product safety certification as an effective means to eliminate technical barriers to international trade, UL also plays an active role in promoting the development of international trade.
UL is not mandatory to enter the United States.
6. GS: GS mark is a safety certification mark issued by TUV and VDE authorized by the German Ministry of Labor. The GS mark is a safety mark accepted by European customers. Generally, GS certified products are sold at higher unit prices and are more popular.
7. The FCC (Federal Communications Commission, US Federal Communications Commission) established COMMUNICATIONACT in 1934 as an independent agency of the US government, directly responsible to Congress. The FCC coordinates domestic and international communications by controlling radio broadcasting, television, telecommunications, satellites and cables. Involving more than 50 states in the United States, Colombia and the United States, in order to ensure the safety of radio and wire communication products related to life and property, the FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology is responsible for the technical support of the committee and the equipment Recognition matters. Many radio application products, communication products and digital products require FCC approval to enter the US market. The FCC committee investigates and studies the various stages of product safety in order to find the best way to solve the problem. At the same time, the FCC also includes the testing of radio devices and aircraft. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ― manages the import and use of radio frequency devices, including computers, fax machines, electronic devices, radio receiving and transmission equipment, radio remote control toys, telephones, personal computers, and other products that may harm personal safety. If these products are to be exported to the United States, they must be tested and approved by a laboratory authorized by the government in accordance with FCC technical standards. Importers and customs agents must declare that each radio frequency device complies with FCC standards, that is, FCC license.
8. CSA: is the abbreviation of Canadian Standards Association (Canadian Standards Association). It was established in 1919 and is Canada's first non-profit organization dedicated to setting industrial standards. Products such as electronics and electrical appliances sold in the North American market require safety certification. At present, CSA is the largest safety certification body in Canada and one of the most famous safety certification bodies in the world. It can provide safety certifications for all types of products in machinery, building materials, electrical appliances, computer equipment, office equipment, environmental protection, medical fire safety, sports and entertainment. CSA has provided certification services to thousands of manufacturers all over the world, and hundreds of millions of products with the CSA mark are sold in the North American market every year.
9. DIN: Deutsches Institut fur Normung. DIN is the standardization authority in Germany and participates in international and regional non-governmental standardization organizations as a national standardization organization. DIN joined the International Organization for Standardization in 1951. The German Electrotechnical Commission (DKE), jointly formed by DIN and the German Institute of Electrical Engineers (VDE), represents Germany in the International Electrotechnical Commission. DIN is also the European Committee for Standardization and European Electrotechnical Standard.
10. BSI: British Standards Institution The British Standards Institution (BSI) is the world's earliest national standardization institution. It is not controlled by the government but has strong support from the government. BSI formulates and revises British Standards and promotes their implementation.
11. EMC: With the development of electrical and electronic technology, household appliances have become increasingly popular and electronic, radio and television, post and telecommunications, and computer networks have become more and more developed. The electromagnetic environment has become increasingly complex and deteriorated, which makes the electromagnetic compatibility of electrical and electronic products (EMC The problems of electromagnetic interference (EMI and electromagnetic anti-EMS) have also received increasing attention from governments and manufacturers. Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of electronic and electrical products is a very important quality indicator. It is not only related to the working reliability and safety of the product itself, but also may affect the normal operation of other equipment and systems. Protection of electromagnetic environment. The European Community government stipulates that from January 1, 1996, all electrical and electronic products must pass EMC certification and be affixed with the CE mark before they can be sold on the European Community market. This has caused widespread influence in the world, and governments of various countries have taken measures to implement mandatory management of the RMC performance of electrical and electronic products. Internationally influential ones, such as EU 89/336/EEC, etc.
12. PSE: It is a certification mark given by Japan JET (Japan Electrical Safety & Environment) for electronic and electrical products that comply with Japanese safety regulations. According to Japan's DENTORL Law (Electrical Device and Material Control Law), 498 products must pass safety certification to enter the Japanese market.
13. C/A-tick certification is a certification mark issued by the Australian Communications Authority (ACA) for communications equipment. C-tick certification cycle: 1-2 weeks. The product performs ACAQ technical standard testing, registers with ACA to use A/C-Tick, fills in the 'Declaration of Conformity Form', and saves it together with the product compliance record, and A/C is affixed to the communication product or equipment -Tick mark label (label), sold to consumers A-Tick is only applicable to communication products. Most electronic products apply for C-Tick, but if electronic products apply for A-Tick, you do not need to apply for C-Tick separately. Since November 2001, Australia/New Zealand’s EMI has applied for a merger; if the product is to be sold in these two countries, the following documents must be prepared before marketing to prepare for ACA (Australian Communications Authority) or New Zealand (Ministry of Economic Development) ) The authorities conduct random checks at any time. Australia's EMC system divides products into three levels. Suppliers must register with ACA and apply for the C-Tick mark before selling level two and level three products.
14. SAA certification. SAA certification is an Australian standards agency and is certified under the Standards Association of Australian, so many friends call the Australian certification SAA. SAA is a certification that electrical products entering the Australian market must comply with local safety regulations, that is, the industry often faces. Due to the mutual recognition agreement between Australia and New Zealand, all products certified by Australia can be smoothly sold in the New Zealand market. All electrical products have to do safety certification (SAA). There are two main SAA logos, one is formal approval and the other is standard logo. Formal certification is only responsible for samples, while standard marks are required for each factory inspection. There are currently two ways to apply for SAA certification in China. One is to transfer the CB test report. If there is no CB test report, you can also apply directly. Under normal circumstances, the application period for common products of IT AV lamps and small household appliances for SAA certification in Australia is 3-4 weeks. If the product quality does not meet the standard, the date may be extended. When submitting the report to Australia for review, you need to provide the SAA certificate of the product plug (mainly for products with plugs), otherwise it will not be processed, the important components in the product SAA certificate, such as lamps need to provide the SAA certificate of the transformer in the lamp, otherwise Australia audit data failed
Export to Taiwan:
15. BSMI certification, BSMI is the abbreviation of 'Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection' in English of the Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan. According to the announcement of the Ministry of Economic Affairs of Taiwan, starting from July 1, 2005, products entering the Taiwan area will be subject to electromagnetic compatibility and safety regulations. China Taiwan BSMI certification is mandatory. It has requirements for EMC and SAFETY. However, BSMI currently does not have factory inspections, but it must act in accordance with the regulations of the Bureau of Standards. Therefore, BSMI's certification model is: product inspection + registration supervision.
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