Basic knowledge and main advantages of railway
Railway transportation has the advantages of high stability, fast transportation speed, long transportation distance, large transportation capacity, and low transportation cost. It also has the advantages of low pollution, large potential, and is not affected by weather conditions. It is road, water transportation, air transportation, and pipeline transportation. Unmatched.
Types of railway cargo transportation:
The type of railway freight transportation is the mode of railway freight transportation. According to my country's railway technical conditions, the current railway freight transportation types are divided into three types: complete vehicles, less-than-carload, and containers. The whole vehicle is suitable for transporting bulk goods; the less-than-carload is suitable for transporting small batches of sporadic goods; the container is suitable for transporting valuable and vulnerable goods.
Basic conditions of railway freight transportation:
1. The basic condition for the transportation of the whole truck is that the weight, volume, and condition of a batch of goods that need to be transported by more than one truck should be handled as the whole truck.
2. The basic condition of LTL cargo transportation is that according to the weight, volume and condition of the goods, it does not need to be transported by a separate truck, and the goods that are allowed to be combined with other goods can be handled as LTL.
3. The basic condition of containerized cargo transportation is that all goods that can be loaded into a container without causing damage or pollution to the container and dangerous goods that can be transported in a container can be handled as a container.
Any consignment of goods transported by rail:
Shippers who transport goods by rail should handle the consignment at the railway freight business station and sign a cargo transportation contract with the railway transportation department. The freight transportation of the whole truck must be proposed for the quarterly, semi-annual, annual or longer period of the whole truck bulk cargo transportation contract. For orders, other whole-cargo goods are transported by the whole-vehicle cargo transportation order, and the goods waybill must be submitted when delivering the goods; the cargo waybill is the transportation contract for the less-than-carload and containerized goods, and the freight transportation order and the goods waybill are provided by the railway station.
What is rail freight insured transportation:
Insured value is the guaranteed value of the goods, that is, the declared freight price. Insured transportation is a component of the railway cargo transportation contract. After the railway implements the limit compensation, it is a kind of law that guarantees the equal interests of the shipper and the carrier. right. When consigning goods, the shipper can request for insured transportation and pay the specified insured fee on a voluntary basis. The carrier shall implement special management and take certain protective measures for the insured goods during the transportation. When the goods are lost due to the carrier’s liability during the transportation, the carrier shall compensate in accordance with the relevant provisions of the insured transportation.
How is the railway freight rate formulated and how to calculate the railway freight:
The freight rate of railway goods is formulated by the Ministry of Railways and reported to the State Council for approval. The procedure for calculating railway freight is: 1. Calculate the transportation mileage from the departure station to the destination station, 2. Correctly find the freight rate number of the transported goods, 3. The basic price applicable to the goods plus the base price and the freight mileage of the goods The product of multiplication is multiplied by the chargeable weight of the goods, and the result is the railway freight.
Namely: railway freight rate = base price sent to base + operating base price × freight kilometer × freight charge weight
The delivery of railway freight, the basic operating price, and the billable weight of railway stations will be posted and announced.
What goods cannot be consigned as a 'batch':
The nature of the goods transported by rail is different, and different transportation and protection measures need to be taken during the transportation process to ensure the quality of the goods. Therefore, the following goods cannot be consigned as a 'batch'.
1. Perishable goods and non-perishable goods. 2. Dangerous goods and non-dangerous goods. 3. Goods that cannot be mixed depending on the nature of the goods. 4. Goods transported under insured value and goods not transported under insured value. 5. Goods with and without transportation insurance insured. 6. Goods with different transportation conditions.
The consignee handles any formalities of picking up the goods at the arrival station:
When the consignee arrives at the station to pick up the goods, he must present the receipt of the goods, and stamp or sign on the coupon. If the receipt of goods has not arrived or is lost, the agency, organization, or enterprise shall present the certificate of the unit. Individuals need to provide work permits (or household registration books) or supporting documents issued by the service unit (or the unit where they live) to handle the pick-up procedures.